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Total uncertainty of radiocarbon measurements of marine dissolved organic carbon and methodological recommendations


Druffel, Ellen R M; Griffin, Sheila; Walker, Brett D; Coppola, Alysha I; Glynn, Danielle S (2013). Total uncertainty of radiocarbon measurements of marine dissolved organic carbon and methodological recommendations. Radiocarbon, 55(2-3):1135-1141.

Abstract

We report results of duplicate measurements of dissolved organic carbon concentrations ([DOC] as µM) and Δ14C in seawater in order to assess the total uncertainty of reported [DOC] and Δ14C measurements via the UV oxidation method. In addition, pure International Atomic Energy Agency standards analyzed over a 4-yr period are evaluated. We find the total uncertainty of Δ14C measurements to be ±4.0‰. However, in samples that were thawed, subsampled, and refrozen prior to UV oxidation, the total uncertainty of Δ14C measurements is on the order of ±10‰. The [DOC] measurements of these samples were also higher by 1.8 ± 0.3 µM. The reason(s) for these documented increases in total [DOC] and Δ14C uncertainty are unclear. In order to minimize any effects on sample measurements, we recommend the following: 1) regular monitoring of duplicate samples, DOC standards, and diluent (Milli-Q™) water for Δ14C and [DOC] measurements; 2) thawing a sample immediately and only once prior to UV oxidation; 3) avoid the use of DOC-leachable plumbing (such as PVC pipe) in both water systems feeding and within Milli-Q systems; and 4) consider the use of DOC-free diluents (i.e. pre-UV oxidized Milli-Q or sample water).

Abstract

We report results of duplicate measurements of dissolved organic carbon concentrations ([DOC] as µM) and Δ14C in seawater in order to assess the total uncertainty of reported [DOC] and Δ14C measurements via the UV oxidation method. In addition, pure International Atomic Energy Agency standards analyzed over a 4-yr period are evaluated. We find the total uncertainty of Δ14C measurements to be ±4.0‰. However, in samples that were thawed, subsampled, and refrozen prior to UV oxidation, the total uncertainty of Δ14C measurements is on the order of ±10‰. The [DOC] measurements of these samples were also higher by 1.8 ± 0.3 µM. The reason(s) for these documented increases in total [DOC] and Δ14C uncertainty are unclear. In order to minimize any effects on sample measurements, we recommend the following: 1) regular monitoring of duplicate samples, DOC standards, and diluent (Milli-Q™) water for Δ14C and [DOC] measurements; 2) thawing a sample immediately and only once prior to UV oxidation; 3) avoid the use of DOC-leachable plumbing (such as PVC pipe) in both water systems feeding and within Milli-Q systems; and 4) consider the use of DOC-free diluents (i.e. pre-UV oxidized Milli-Q or sample water).

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3 citations in Web of Science®
3 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:2013
Deposited On:29 Mar 2016 16:33
Last Modified:31 May 2016 07:48
Publisher:Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona
ISSN:0033-8222
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16305

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