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Sorption of hydrophobic organic compounds to a diverse suite of carbonaceous materials with emphasis on biochar


Kupryianchyk, Darya; Hale, Sarah; Zimmerman, Andrew R; Harvey, Omar; Rutherford, David; Abiven, Samuel; Knicker, Heike; Schmidt, Hans-Peter; Rumpel, Cornelia; Cornelissen, Gerard (2016). Sorption of hydrophobic organic compounds to a diverse suite of carbonaceous materials with emphasis on biochar. Chemosphere, 144:879-887.

Abstract

Carbonaceous materials like biochars are increasingly recognized as effective sorbent materials for sequestering organic pollutants. Here, we study sorption behavior of two common hydrophobic organic contaminants 2,2′,5,5′-tetrachlorobiphenyl (CB52) and phenanthrene (PHE), on biochars and other carbonaceous materials (CM) produced at a wide range of conditions and temperatures from various feedstocks. The primary aim was to establish structure–reactivity relationships responsible for the observed variation in CM and biochar sorption characteristics. CM were characterized for their elemental composition, surface area, pore size distribution, aromaticity and thermal stability. Freundlich sorption coefficients for CB52 and PHE (i.e. LogKF,CB52 and KF,PHE, respectively) to CM showed a variation of two to three orders of magnitude, with LogKF,CB52 ranging from 5.12 ± 0.38 to 8.01 ± 0.18 and LogKF,PHE from 5.18 ± 0.09 to 7.42 ± 1.09. The highest LogKF values were observed for the activated CM, however, non-activated biochars produced at high temperatures (>700 °C) sorbed almost as strongly (within 0.2–0.5 Log units) as the activated ones. Sorption coefficients significantly increased with pyrolysis temperature, CM surface area and pore volume, aromaticity, and thermal stability, and decreased with H/C, O/C, (O + N)/C content. The results of our study contribute to the understanding of processes underlying HOC sorption to CM and explore the potential of CM as engineered sorbents for environmental applications.

Abstract

Carbonaceous materials like biochars are increasingly recognized as effective sorbent materials for sequestering organic pollutants. Here, we study sorption behavior of two common hydrophobic organic contaminants 2,2′,5,5′-tetrachlorobiphenyl (CB52) and phenanthrene (PHE), on biochars and other carbonaceous materials (CM) produced at a wide range of conditions and temperatures from various feedstocks. The primary aim was to establish structure–reactivity relationships responsible for the observed variation in CM and biochar sorption characteristics. CM were characterized for their elemental composition, surface area, pore size distribution, aromaticity and thermal stability. Freundlich sorption coefficients for CB52 and PHE (i.e. LogKF,CB52 and KF,PHE, respectively) to CM showed a variation of two to three orders of magnitude, with LogKF,CB52 ranging from 5.12 ± 0.38 to 8.01 ± 0.18 and LogKF,PHE from 5.18 ± 0.09 to 7.42 ± 1.09. The highest LogKF values were observed for the activated CM, however, non-activated biochars produced at high temperatures (>700 °C) sorbed almost as strongly (within 0.2–0.5 Log units) as the activated ones. Sorption coefficients significantly increased with pyrolysis temperature, CM surface area and pore volume, aromaticity, and thermal stability, and decreased with H/C, O/C, (O + N)/C content. The results of our study contribute to the understanding of processes underlying HOC sorption to CM and explore the potential of CM as engineered sorbents for environmental applications.

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2 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biochar; Hydrophobic organic compounds; Remediation; Sorption
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:29 Mar 2016 17:04
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 20:12
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0045-6535
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.09.055
PubMed ID:26421628

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