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Erythropoietin production by PDGFR-β+ cells


Gerl, Katharina; Nolan, Karen A; Karger, Christian; Fuchs, Michaela; Wenger, Roland H; Stolt, Claus C; Willam, Carsten; Kurtz, Armin; Kurt, Birgül (2016). Erythropoietin production by PDGFR-β+ cells. Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology, 468(8):1479-1487.

Abstract

PDGFR-β-expressing cells of the kidneys are considered as a relevant site of erythropoietin (EPO) production. The origin of these cells, their contribution to renal EPO production, and if PDGFR-β-positive cells in other organs are also capable to express EPO are less clear. We addressed these questions in mice, in which hypoxia-inducible transcription factors were stabilized in PDGFR-β(+) cells by inducible deletion of the von Hippel-Lindau (Vhl) protein. Vhl deletion led to a 600-fold increase of plasma EPO concentration, 170-fold increase of renal EPO messenger RNA (mRNA) levels, and an increase of hematocrit values up to 70 %. Intrarenal localization of EPO-expressing cells coincided with the zonal heterogeneity and distribution of cells expressing PDGFR-β. Amongst a variety of extrarenal organs only adrenal glands showed significant EPO mRNA expression after Vhl deletion in PDGFR-β(+) cells. EPO mRNA, plasma EPO, and hematocrit fell to subnormal values if HIF-2α, but not HIF-1α, was deleted either alone or in combination with Vhl in PDGFR-β(+) cells. Treatment of mice with a prolyl-hydroxylase inhibitor caused an increase of EPO mRNA abundance and plasma EPO concentrations in wild-type mice and in mice lacking HIF-1α in PDGFR-β(+) cells but exerted no effect in mice lacking HIF-2α in PDGFR-β(+) cells. These findings suggest that PDGFR-β(+) cells are the only relevant site of EPO expression in the kidney and that HIF-2 is the essential transcription factor triggering EPO expression therein. Moreover, our findings suggest that PDGFR-β(+) cells elaborating EPO might arise from the metanephric mesenchyme, rather than from the neural crest.

Abstract

PDGFR-β-expressing cells of the kidneys are considered as a relevant site of erythropoietin (EPO) production. The origin of these cells, their contribution to renal EPO production, and if PDGFR-β-positive cells in other organs are also capable to express EPO are less clear. We addressed these questions in mice, in which hypoxia-inducible transcription factors were stabilized in PDGFR-β(+) cells by inducible deletion of the von Hippel-Lindau (Vhl) protein. Vhl deletion led to a 600-fold increase of plasma EPO concentration, 170-fold increase of renal EPO messenger RNA (mRNA) levels, and an increase of hematocrit values up to 70 %. Intrarenal localization of EPO-expressing cells coincided with the zonal heterogeneity and distribution of cells expressing PDGFR-β. Amongst a variety of extrarenal organs only adrenal glands showed significant EPO mRNA expression after Vhl deletion in PDGFR-β(+) cells. EPO mRNA, plasma EPO, and hematocrit fell to subnormal values if HIF-2α, but not HIF-1α, was deleted either alone or in combination with Vhl in PDGFR-β(+) cells. Treatment of mice with a prolyl-hydroxylase inhibitor caused an increase of EPO mRNA abundance and plasma EPO concentrations in wild-type mice and in mice lacking HIF-1α in PDGFR-β(+) cells but exerted no effect in mice lacking HIF-2α in PDGFR-β(+) cells. These findings suggest that PDGFR-β(+) cells are the only relevant site of EPO expression in the kidney and that HIF-2 is the essential transcription factor triggering EPO expression therein. Moreover, our findings suggest that PDGFR-β(+) cells elaborating EPO might arise from the metanephric mesenchyme, rather than from the neural crest.

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Contributors:Ralf H. Adams (Department of Tissue Morphogenesis, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine and Faculty of Medicine, University of Münster, Münster, Germany) for providing the PDGFR-β +/CreER mouse line., Rosmarie Heydn for the expert technical assistance
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adrenal gland; Erythropoietin; HIF-2; Inducible deletion of Vhl; Kidney; PDGFR-β-expressing cells
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:30 May 2016 14:40
Last Modified:31 Aug 2016 07:45
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0031-6768
Funders:German Research Foundation (Ku 859/15-1 and SFB 699)
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00424-016-1829-2
PubMed ID:27220347

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