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Berndt, T J; Bielesz, B; Craig, T A; Tebben, P J; Bacic, D; Wagner, C A; O'Brien, S; Schiavi, S; Biber, J; Murer, H; Kumar, R (2006). Secreted frizzled-related protein-4 reduces sodium-phosphate co-transporter abundance and activity in proximal tubule cells. Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology (Pflugers Archiv), 451(4):579-587.

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The phosphatonin, secreted frizzled-related protein-4 (sFRP-4), induces phosphaturia and inhibits 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1alpha-hydroxylase activity normally induced in response to hypophosphatemia. To determine the mechanism by which sFRP-4 alters renal phosphate (P(i)) transport, we examined the effect of sFRP-4 on renal brush border membrane (BBMV) Na(+)-dependent P(i) uptake, and the abundance and localization of the major Na(+)-P(i)-IIa co-transporter in proximal tubules and opossum kidney (OK) cells. Infusion of sFRP-4 increased renal fractional excretion of P(i) and decreased renal beta-catenin concentrations. The increase in renal P(i) excretion with sFRP-4 infusion was associated with a 21.9 +/- 3.4% decrease in BBMV Na(+)-dependent P(i) uptake (P < 0.001) compared with a 39.5 +/- 2.1% inhibition of Na(+)-dependent P(i) transport in renal BBMV induced by PTH (P < 0.001). sFRP-4 infusion was associated with a 30.7 +/- 4.8% decrease in Na(+)-P(i)-IIa co-transporter protein abundance (P < 0.01) assessed by immunoblotting methods compared to a 45.4 +/- 8.8% decrease induced by PTH (P < 0.001). In OK cells, sFRP-4 reduced surface expression of a heterologous Na(+)-P(i)-IIa co-transporter. We conclude that sFRP-4 increases renal P(i) excretion by reducing Na(+)-P(i)-IIa transporter abundance in the brush border of the proximal tubule through enhanced internalization of the protein.


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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Date:1 January 2006
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:21
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:17
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s00424-005-1495-2
PubMed ID:16151791

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