Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1247
Liu, Y; Wenger, R H; Zhao, M; Nielsen, P J (1997). Distinct costimulatory molecules are required for the induction of effector and memory cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 185(2):251-262.
A successful T cell immune response has two major products: effector T cells which directly or indirectly remove the antigens, and memory T cells, which allow a faster and more efficient recall response when challenged by related antigens. An important issue is whether costimulatory molecules on the antigen-presenting cells are involved in determining whether T cells will differentiate into effector or memory cells after antigenic stimulation. To address this issue, we have produced mice with targeted mutations of either the heat-stable antigen (HSA), or both HSA and CD28. We show that CD28/B7 and HSA provide two alternative costimulatory pathways for induction of immunological memory to influenza virus. Furthermore, our results revealed that B7 is essential for the generation of effector T cells from either naive or memory T cells, while HSA is not necessary for the generation of effector T cells. Our results demonstrate that the induction of memory T cells and effector T cells can utilize distinct costimulatory molecules. These results have important implications on lineage relationship between effector and memory T cells.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 12:21|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 17:14|
|Publisher:||Rockefeller University Press|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 100|
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