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Identification of lysines 36 and 37 of PARP-2 as targets for acetylation and auto-ADP-ribosylation


Haenni, S S; Hassa, P O; Altmeyer, M; Fey, M; Imhof, R; Hottiger, M O (2008). Identification of lysines 36 and 37 of PARP-2 as targets for acetylation and auto-ADP-ribosylation. International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 40(10):2274-2283.

Abstract

Poly-ADP-ribose polymerase-2 (PARP-2) was described to regulate cellular functions comprising DNA surveillance, inflammation and cell differentiation by co-regulating different transcription factors. Using an in vitro and in vivo approach, we identified PARP-2 as a new substrate for the histone acetyltransferases PCAF and GCN5L. Site directed mutagenesis indicated that lysines 36 and 37, located in the nuclear localization signal of PARP-2, are the main targets for PCAF and GCN5L activity in vitro. Interestingly, acetylation of the same two PARP-2 residues reduces the DNA binding and enzymatic activity of PARP-2. Finally, PARP-2 with mutated lysines 36 and 37 showed reduced auto-mono-ADP-ribosylation when compared to wild type PARP-2. Together, our results provide evidence that acetylation of PARP-2 is a key post-translational modification that may regulate DNA binding and consequently also the enzymatic activity of PARP-2.

Abstract

Poly-ADP-ribose polymerase-2 (PARP-2) was described to regulate cellular functions comprising DNA surveillance, inflammation and cell differentiation by co-regulating different transcription factors. Using an in vitro and in vivo approach, we identified PARP-2 as a new substrate for the histone acetyltransferases PCAF and GCN5L. Site directed mutagenesis indicated that lysines 36 and 37, located in the nuclear localization signal of PARP-2, are the main targets for PCAF and GCN5L activity in vitro. Interestingly, acetylation of the same two PARP-2 residues reduces the DNA binding and enzymatic activity of PARP-2. Finally, PARP-2 with mutated lysines 36 and 37 showed reduced auto-mono-ADP-ribosylation when compared to wild type PARP-2. Together, our results provide evidence that acetylation of PARP-2 is a key post-translational modification that may regulate DNA binding and consequently also the enzymatic activity of PARP-2.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:04 Feb 2009 09:16
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:57
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1357-2725
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2008.03.008
PubMed ID:18436469

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