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Repeated cycles of recombinant human interleukin 7 in HIV-infected patients with low CD4 t-cell reconstitution on antiretroviral therapy: results of 2 phase II multicenter studies


Thiébaut, Rodolphe; Jarne, Ana; Routy, Jean-Pierre; Sereti, Irini; Fischl, Margaret; Ive, Prudence; Speck, Roberto F; D'Offizi, Gianpiero; Casari, Salvatore; Commenges, Daniel; Foulkes, Sharne; Natarajan, Ven; Croughs, Thérèse; Delfraissy, Jean-François; Tambussi, Guiseppe; Levy, Yves; Lederman, Michael M (2016). Repeated cycles of recombinant human interleukin 7 in HIV-infected patients with low CD4 t-cell reconstitution on antiretroviral therapy: results of 2 phase II multicenter studies. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 62(9):1178-1185.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Phase I/II studies in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy have shown that a single cycle of 3 weekly subcutaneous (s/c) injections of recombinant human interleukin 7 (r-hIL-7) is safe and improves immune CD4 T-cell restoration. Herein, we report data from 2 phase II trials evaluating the effect of repeated cycles of r-hIL-7 (20 µg/kg) with the objective of restoring a sustained CD4 T-cell count >500 cells/µL. METHODS INSPIRE 2 was a single-arm trial conducted in the United States and Canada. INSPIRE 3 was a 2 arm trial with 3:1 randomization to r-hIL-7 versus control conducted in Europe and South Africa. Participants with plasma HIV RNA levels <50 copies/mL during antiretroviral therapy and with CD4 T-cell counts between 101 and 400 cells/µL were eligible. A repeat cycle was administered when CD4 T-cell counts fell to <550 cells/µL. RESULTS A total of 107 patients were treated and received 1 (n = 107), 2 (n = 74), 3 (n = 14), or 4 (n = 1) r-hIL-7 cycles during a median follow-up of 23 months. r-hIL-7 was well tolerated. Four grade 4 events were observed, including 1 case of asymptomatic alanine aminotransferase elevation. After the second cycle, anti-r-hIL-7 binding antibodies developed in 82% and 77% of patients in INSPIRE 2 and 3, respectively (neutralizing antibodies in 38% and 37%), without impact on the CD4 T-cell response. Half of the patients spent >63% of their follow-up time with a CD4 T-cell count >500 cells/µL. CONCLUSIONS Repeated cycles of r-hIL-7 were well tolerated and achieved sustained CD4 T-cell restoration to >500 cells/µL in the majority of study participants. Clinical Trials Registration. INSPIRE II: clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01190111) and INSPIRE III: EudraCT (No. 2010-019773-15) and clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01241643).

Abstract

BACKGROUND Phase I/II studies in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy have shown that a single cycle of 3 weekly subcutaneous (s/c) injections of recombinant human interleukin 7 (r-hIL-7) is safe and improves immune CD4 T-cell restoration. Herein, we report data from 2 phase II trials evaluating the effect of repeated cycles of r-hIL-7 (20 µg/kg) with the objective of restoring a sustained CD4 T-cell count >500 cells/µL. METHODS INSPIRE 2 was a single-arm trial conducted in the United States and Canada. INSPIRE 3 was a 2 arm trial with 3:1 randomization to r-hIL-7 versus control conducted in Europe and South Africa. Participants with plasma HIV RNA levels <50 copies/mL during antiretroviral therapy and with CD4 T-cell counts between 101 and 400 cells/µL were eligible. A repeat cycle was administered when CD4 T-cell counts fell to <550 cells/µL. RESULTS A total of 107 patients were treated and received 1 (n = 107), 2 (n = 74), 3 (n = 14), or 4 (n = 1) r-hIL-7 cycles during a median follow-up of 23 months. r-hIL-7 was well tolerated. Four grade 4 events were observed, including 1 case of asymptomatic alanine aminotransferase elevation. After the second cycle, anti-r-hIL-7 binding antibodies developed in 82% and 77% of patients in INSPIRE 2 and 3, respectively (neutralizing antibodies in 38% and 37%), without impact on the CD4 T-cell response. Half of the patients spent >63% of their follow-up time with a CD4 T-cell count >500 cells/µL. CONCLUSIONS Repeated cycles of r-hIL-7 were well tolerated and achieved sustained CD4 T-cell restoration to >500 cells/µL in the majority of study participants. Clinical Trials Registration. INSPIRE II: clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01190111) and INSPIRE III: EudraCT (No. 2010-019773-15) and clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01241643).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 May 2016
Deposited On:04 Aug 2016 10:38
Last Modified:05 Aug 2016 08:04
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1058-4838
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciw065
PubMed ID:26908786

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