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Postponed pregnancies and risks of very advanced maternal age


Haslinger, Christian; Stoiber, Bernhard; Capanna, Federica; Schäffer, Marie-Kristin; Zimmermann, Roland; Schäffer, Leonhard (2016). Postponed pregnancies and risks of very advanced maternal age. Swiss Medical Weekly, 146:w14330.

Abstract

QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY To evaluate pregnancy outcome in pregnant women aged ≥45 years, termed very advanced maternal age (VAMA). METHODS We retrospectively compared the outcome of pregnancies in VAMA patients with controls aged 30 years at time of delivery. Subgroups of singleton and multiple pregnancies were also analysed. Incidences of maternal and fetal adverse outcomes were measured. Statistical significance was set at p <0.05. Odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted where necessary. RESULTS One hundred and twenty-seven VAMA pregnancies and 2066 control pregnancies of women aged 30 years were analysed. VAMA pregnancies had a higher rate of maternal complications such as gestational hypertension (3.9% vs 0.6%; OR 6.5), preeclampsia (14.2% vs 3.0%; OR 5.4, adjusted OR 4.4) and gestational diabetes (12.6% vs 3.6%; OR 3.8). Likewise, increased need for blood transfusion (3.2% vs 0.7%; OR 4.8, adjusted OR 4.4) and prolonged hospitalisation >7 days (37.8% vs 15.1%; OR 3.42) was found. Infant complications such as prematurity (44.9% vs 16.2%; OR 4.2) and low birthweight <5th percentile (11.0% vs 5.6%; OR 2.1) were also increased. CONCLUSION Pregnant women of very advanced maternal age (≥45 years) have significantly increased maternal and fetal risks. Women postponing pregnancy or planning a pregnancy in very advanced age should be informed about these risks, in particular before artificial reproductive technologies are applied or "social freezing".

Abstract

QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY To evaluate pregnancy outcome in pregnant women aged ≥45 years, termed very advanced maternal age (VAMA). METHODS We retrospectively compared the outcome of pregnancies in VAMA patients with controls aged 30 years at time of delivery. Subgroups of singleton and multiple pregnancies were also analysed. Incidences of maternal and fetal adverse outcomes were measured. Statistical significance was set at p <0.05. Odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted where necessary. RESULTS One hundred and twenty-seven VAMA pregnancies and 2066 control pregnancies of women aged 30 years were analysed. VAMA pregnancies had a higher rate of maternal complications such as gestational hypertension (3.9% vs 0.6%; OR 6.5), preeclampsia (14.2% vs 3.0%; OR 5.4, adjusted OR 4.4) and gestational diabetes (12.6% vs 3.6%; OR 3.8). Likewise, increased need for blood transfusion (3.2% vs 0.7%; OR 4.8, adjusted OR 4.4) and prolonged hospitalisation >7 days (37.8% vs 15.1%; OR 3.42) was found. Infant complications such as prematurity (44.9% vs 16.2%; OR 4.2) and low birthweight <5th percentile (11.0% vs 5.6%; OR 2.1) were also increased. CONCLUSION Pregnant women of very advanced maternal age (≥45 years) have significantly increased maternal and fetal risks. Women postponing pregnancy or planning a pregnancy in very advanced age should be informed about these risks, in particular before artificial reproductive technologies are applied or "social freezing".

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Obstetrics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:15 Aug 2016 09:24
Last Modified:15 Aug 2016 09:24
Publisher:EMH Swiss Medical Publishers
ISSN:0036-7672
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2016.14330
PubMed ID:27497045

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