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Assessment of osteonecrosis in the presence of instrumentation for femoral neck fracture using contrast-enhanced mavric sequence


Farshad-Amacker, Nadja A; Koff, Matthew F; Dyke, Jonathan P; Lazaro, Lionel E; Shah, Parina; Lorich, Dean G; Potter, Hollis G (2016). Assessment of osteonecrosis in the presence of instrumentation for femoral neck fracture using contrast-enhanced mavric sequence. HSS Journal, 12(1):51-58.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Evaluating postoperative femoral neck facture (FNF) with metal fixation hardware is commonly performed using radiographs. MRI has greater sensitivity and specificity to evaluate osteonecrosis (ON) but is often challenging due to the image distortion caused by metallic hardware. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES The aim of this study is to compare fast spin-echo (FSE) and multi-acquisition variable-resonance image combination (MAVRIC) sequences in assessing ON following metallic fixation of FNF and determining feasibility of semi-quantitative perfusion using MAVRIC. METHODS Radiography and MRI were performed at 3 and 12 months postoperatively, using FSE and pre- and post-gadolinium contrast MAVRIC sequences in 21 FNF patients. The presence and volume of ON were recorded. Signal intensity (SI) enhancement was measured on the MAVRIC sequences within the center and rim of ON; with the ilium and femoral diaphysis as controls. The detection rate of ON between MAVRIC and FSE images was evaluated as the difference of percent enhancement across the defined regions of interest. RESULTS ON was detected in 0% of radiographs, in 67% of FSE, and in 76% of MAVRIC images at 3 months follow-up, with similar results at 12 months. MAVRIC images had larger ON volume than FSE images at both time points. A significant percentage SI enhancement was only detected in the ON rim. CONCLUSION Radiographs could not detect ON following metallic fixation of FNF. MAVRIC is more sensitive than FSE for determining the volume of ON. SI measurements using MAVRIC may provide an indirect assessment of perfusion.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Evaluating postoperative femoral neck facture (FNF) with metal fixation hardware is commonly performed using radiographs. MRI has greater sensitivity and specificity to evaluate osteonecrosis (ON) but is often challenging due to the image distortion caused by metallic hardware. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES The aim of this study is to compare fast spin-echo (FSE) and multi-acquisition variable-resonance image combination (MAVRIC) sequences in assessing ON following metallic fixation of FNF and determining feasibility of semi-quantitative perfusion using MAVRIC. METHODS Radiography and MRI were performed at 3 and 12 months postoperatively, using FSE and pre- and post-gadolinium contrast MAVRIC sequences in 21 FNF patients. The presence and volume of ON were recorded. Signal intensity (SI) enhancement was measured on the MAVRIC sequences within the center and rim of ON; with the ilium and femoral diaphysis as controls. The detection rate of ON between MAVRIC and FSE images was evaluated as the difference of percent enhancement across the defined regions of interest. RESULTS ON was detected in 0% of radiographs, in 67% of FSE, and in 76% of MAVRIC images at 3 months follow-up, with similar results at 12 months. MAVRIC images had larger ON volume than FSE images at both time points. A significant percentage SI enhancement was only detected in the ON rim. CONCLUSION Radiographs could not detect ON following metallic fixation of FNF. MAVRIC is more sensitive than FSE for determining the volume of ON. SI measurements using MAVRIC may provide an indirect assessment of perfusion.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2016
Deposited On:25 Aug 2016 12:49
Last Modified:26 Aug 2016 08:15
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1556-3316
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11420-015-9475-3
PubMed ID:26855628

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