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Efficacy and safety of basiliximab in pediatric renal transplant patients receiving cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroids


Offner, G; Toenshoff, B; Höcker, B; Krauss, M; Bulla, M; Cochat, P; Fehrenbach, H; Fischer, W; Foulard, M; Hoppe, B; Hoyer, P F; Jungraithmayr, T C; Klaus, G; Latta, K; Leichter, H; Mihatsch, M J; Misselwitz, J; Montoya, C; Müller-Wiefel, D E; Neuhaus, T J; Pape, L; Querfeld, U; Plank, C; Schwarke, D; Wygoda, S; Zimmerhackl, L B (2008). Efficacy and safety of basiliximab in pediatric renal transplant patients receiving cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroids. Transplantation, 86(9):1241-1248.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Basiliximab, a monoclonal CD25 antibody has proofed effective in reducing acute rejection episodes in adults in various immunosuppressive regimens. The effect of basiliximab in the pediatric population is controversial. METHODS: In a 12-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, renal transplant patients aged 1 to 18 years were randomized to basiliximab or placebo with cyclosporine microemulsion, mycophenolate mofetil, and corticosteroids. The intent-to-treat population comprised 192 patients (100 basiliximab and 92 placebo). RESULTS: The primary efficacy endpoint, time to first biopsy-proven acute rejection episode, or treatment failure by month 6, occurred in 16.7% of basiliximab-treated patients and 21.7% of placebo-treated patients (Kaplan-Meier estimates; hazard ratio 0.72, two-sided 90% confidence interval 0.416-1.26, n.s.). The rate and severity of subclinical rejections in protocol biopsies performed at 6 months posttransplant was higher in the basiliximab group (25.0%) than in the placebo group (11.7%). Patient and death-censored graft survival at 12 months was 97% and 99%, respectively, in the basiliximab cohort, and 100% and 99% among placebo-treated patients (n.s.). Renal function was similar in both treatment groups, and there were no significant between-treatment differences in the incidence of adverse events or infections. CONCLUSIONS: Addition of basiliximab induction to a regimen of cyclosporine microemulsion, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroids resulted in a numerically lower but not significant incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection versus placebo and excellent graft and patient survival at 1 year in pediatric renal transplant recipients. Whether this numerical difference is a true therapeutic benefit in view of the higher rate and severity of subclinical rejections in the basiliximab group in the protocol biopsy will be investigated in a long-term follow-up study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Basiliximab, a monoclonal CD25 antibody has proofed effective in reducing acute rejection episodes in adults in various immunosuppressive regimens. The effect of basiliximab in the pediatric population is controversial. METHODS: In a 12-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, renal transplant patients aged 1 to 18 years were randomized to basiliximab or placebo with cyclosporine microemulsion, mycophenolate mofetil, and corticosteroids. The intent-to-treat population comprised 192 patients (100 basiliximab and 92 placebo). RESULTS: The primary efficacy endpoint, time to first biopsy-proven acute rejection episode, or treatment failure by month 6, occurred in 16.7% of basiliximab-treated patients and 21.7% of placebo-treated patients (Kaplan-Meier estimates; hazard ratio 0.72, two-sided 90% confidence interval 0.416-1.26, n.s.). The rate and severity of subclinical rejections in protocol biopsies performed at 6 months posttransplant was higher in the basiliximab group (25.0%) than in the placebo group (11.7%). Patient and death-censored graft survival at 12 months was 97% and 99%, respectively, in the basiliximab cohort, and 100% and 99% among placebo-treated patients (n.s.). Renal function was similar in both treatment groups, and there were no significant between-treatment differences in the incidence of adverse events or infections. CONCLUSIONS: Addition of basiliximab induction to a regimen of cyclosporine microemulsion, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroids resulted in a numerically lower but not significant incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection versus placebo and excellent graft and patient survival at 1 year in pediatric renal transplant recipients. Whether this numerical difference is a true therapeutic benefit in view of the higher rate and severity of subclinical rejections in the basiliximab group in the protocol biopsy will be investigated in a long-term follow-up study.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:26 Feb 2009 20:48
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:57
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0041-1337
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/TP.0b013e318188af15
PubMed ID:19005406

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