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Liver-fat and liver-function indices derived from Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced liver MRI for prediction of future liver remnant growth after portal vein occlusion


Barth, Borna K; Fischer, Michael A; Kambakamba, Patryk; Lesurtel, Mickael; Reiner, Caecilia S (2016). Liver-fat and liver-function indices derived from Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced liver MRI for prediction of future liver remnant growth after portal vein occlusion. European Journal of Radiology, 85(4):843-849.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To evaluate the use of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived fat- and liver function-measurements for prediction of future liver remnant (FLR) growth after portal vein occlusion (PVO) in patients scheduled for major liver resection.
METHODS Forty-five patients (age, 59 ± 13.9 y) who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced liver MRI within 24 ± 18 days prior to PVO were included in this study. Fat-Signal-Fraction (FSF), relative liver enhancement (RLE) and corrected liver-to-spleen ratio (corrLSR) of the FLR were calculated from in- and out-of-phase (n=42) as well as from unenhanced T1-weighted, and hepatocyte-phase images (n=35), respectively. Kinetic growth rate (KGR, volume increase/week) of the FLR after PVO was the primary endpoint. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was used to determine cutoff values for prediction of impaired FLR-growth.
RESULTS FSF (%) showed significant inverse correlation with KGR (r=-0.41, p=0.008), whereas no significant correlation was found with RLE and corrLSR. FSF was significantly higher in patients with impaired FLR-growth than in those with normal growth (%FSF, 8.1 ± 9.3 vs. 3.0 ± 5.9, p=0.02). ROC-analysis revealed a cutoff-FSF of 4.9% for identification of patients with impaired FLR-growth with a specificity of 82% and sensitivity of 47% (AUC 0.71 [95%CI:0.54-0.87]). Patients with impaired FLR-growth according to the FSF-cutoff showed a tendency towards higher postoperative complication rates (posthepatectomy liver failure in 50% vs. 19%).
CONCLUSIONS Liver fat-content, but not liver function derived from Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI is a predictor of FLR-growth after PVO. Thus, liver MRI could help in identifying patients at risk for insufficient FLR-growth, who may need re-evaluation of the therapeutic strategy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To evaluate the use of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived fat- and liver function-measurements for prediction of future liver remnant (FLR) growth after portal vein occlusion (PVO) in patients scheduled for major liver resection.
METHODS Forty-five patients (age, 59 ± 13.9 y) who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced liver MRI within 24 ± 18 days prior to PVO were included in this study. Fat-Signal-Fraction (FSF), relative liver enhancement (RLE) and corrected liver-to-spleen ratio (corrLSR) of the FLR were calculated from in- and out-of-phase (n=42) as well as from unenhanced T1-weighted, and hepatocyte-phase images (n=35), respectively. Kinetic growth rate (KGR, volume increase/week) of the FLR after PVO was the primary endpoint. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was used to determine cutoff values for prediction of impaired FLR-growth.
RESULTS FSF (%) showed significant inverse correlation with KGR (r=-0.41, p=0.008), whereas no significant correlation was found with RLE and corrLSR. FSF was significantly higher in patients with impaired FLR-growth than in those with normal growth (%FSF, 8.1 ± 9.3 vs. 3.0 ± 5.9, p=0.02). ROC-analysis revealed a cutoff-FSF of 4.9% for identification of patients with impaired FLR-growth with a specificity of 82% and sensitivity of 47% (AUC 0.71 [95%CI:0.54-0.87]). Patients with impaired FLR-growth according to the FSF-cutoff showed a tendency towards higher postoperative complication rates (posthepatectomy liver failure in 50% vs. 19%).
CONCLUSIONS Liver fat-content, but not liver function derived from Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI is a predictor of FLR-growth after PVO. Thus, liver MRI could help in identifying patients at risk for insufficient FLR-growth, who may need re-evaluation of the therapeutic strategy.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2016
Deposited On:24 Aug 2016 16:17
Last Modified:24 Aug 2016 16:17
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0720-048X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2016.02.008
PubMed ID:26971433

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