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Fused cardiac hybrid imaging with coronary computed tomography angiography and positron emission tomography in patients with complex coronary artery anomalies


Gräni, Christoph; Benz, Dominik C; Possner, Mathias; Clerc, Olivier F; Mikulicic, Fran; Vontobel, Jan; Stehli, Julia; Fuchs, Tobias A; Pazhenkottil, Aju P; Gaemperli, Oliver; Kaufmann, Philipp A; Buechel, Ronny R (2016). Fused cardiac hybrid imaging with coronary computed tomography angiography and positron emission tomography in patients with complex coronary artery anomalies. Congenital Heart Disease:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To provide data on the value of fused cardiac hybrid imaging with coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and positron emission tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (PET-MPI) in patients with complex coronary artery anomalies (CCAA). DESIGN/SETTING This is a retrospective, single-center study. PATIENTS Seven consecutive patients with CCAA (mean 57 ± 7 y, 86% were male) who underwent clinically indicated hybrid CCTA/PET-MPI between 2005 and 2015 in our clinic were included. The findings from both modalities and fused cardiac hybrid imaging were evaluated in these patients. RESULTS Out of the seven patients with CCAA, two patients had Bland-White-Garland anomaly, two patients showed a coronary artery fistula, two patients showed a "single right," and one patient showed a "single left" coronary artery. Semiquantitative fused hybrid CCTA/PET-MPI depicted inferolateral scar matching the territory of a nonanomalous vessel with significant concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) in one patient only. In contrast, analysis of quantitative myocardial blood flow (MBF) as assessed by fused hybrid CCTA/PET-MPI revealed abnormally reduced flow capacities in the territories subtended by the anomalous vessels in 4 patients. CONCLUSIONS In this case series of middle-aged patients with CCAA, perfusion defects as assessed by semiquantitative PET-MPI were rare and attributable to concomitant CAD rather than to the anomalous vessel itself. By contrast, impaired MBF as assessed by quantitative hybrid CCTA/PET-MPI was revealed in the majority of patients in the vessel territories subtended by the anomalous coronary artery itself. Fused hybrid CCTA/PET-MPI incorporating information on morphology and on semiquantitative and quantitative myocardial perfusions may provide added value for the management of patients with CCAA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To provide data on the value of fused cardiac hybrid imaging with coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and positron emission tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (PET-MPI) in patients with complex coronary artery anomalies (CCAA). DESIGN/SETTING This is a retrospective, single-center study. PATIENTS Seven consecutive patients with CCAA (mean 57 ± 7 y, 86% were male) who underwent clinically indicated hybrid CCTA/PET-MPI between 2005 and 2015 in our clinic were included. The findings from both modalities and fused cardiac hybrid imaging were evaluated in these patients. RESULTS Out of the seven patients with CCAA, two patients had Bland-White-Garland anomaly, two patients showed a coronary artery fistula, two patients showed a "single right," and one patient showed a "single left" coronary artery. Semiquantitative fused hybrid CCTA/PET-MPI depicted inferolateral scar matching the territory of a nonanomalous vessel with significant concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) in one patient only. In contrast, analysis of quantitative myocardial blood flow (MBF) as assessed by fused hybrid CCTA/PET-MPI revealed abnormally reduced flow capacities in the territories subtended by the anomalous vessels in 4 patients. CONCLUSIONS In this case series of middle-aged patients with CCAA, perfusion defects as assessed by semiquantitative PET-MPI were rare and attributable to concomitant CAD rather than to the anomalous vessel itself. By contrast, impaired MBF as assessed by quantitative hybrid CCTA/PET-MPI was revealed in the majority of patients in the vessel territories subtended by the anomalous coronary artery itself. Fused hybrid CCTA/PET-MPI incorporating information on morphology and on semiquantitative and quantitative myocardial perfusions may provide added value for the management of patients with CCAA.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:19 August 2016
Deposited On:01 Sep 2016 09:27
Last Modified:01 Sep 2016 09:28
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1747-079X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/chd.12402
PubMed ID:27539240

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