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Male germ cell expression of the PAS domain kinase PASKIN and its novel target eukaryotic translation elongation factor eEF1A1


Eckhardt, K; Troger, J; Reissmann, J; Katschinski, D M; Wagner, K F; Stengel, P J; Paasch, U; Hunziker, P; Borter, E; Barth, S; Schlafli, P; Spielmann, P; Stiehl, D P; Camenisch, G; Wenger, R H (2007). Male germ cell expression of the PAS domain kinase PASKIN and its novel target eukaryotic translation elongation factor eEF1A1. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, 20(1-4):227-240.

Abstract

PASKIN links energy flux and protein synthesis in yeast, regulates glycogen synthesis in mammals, and has been implicated in glucose-stimulated insulin production in pancreatic beta-cells. Using newly generated monoclonal antibodies, PASKIN was localized in the nuclei of human testis germ cells and in the midpiece of human sperm tails. A speckle-like nuclear pattern was observed for endogenous PASKIN in HeLa cells in addition to its cytoplasmic localization. By yeast two-hybrid screening, we identified the multifunctional eukaryotic translation elongation factor eEF1A1 as a novel interaction partner of PASKIN. This interaction was mapped to the PAS A and kinase domains of PASKIN and to the C-terminus of eEF1A1 using mammalian two-hybrid and GST pull-down assays. Kinase assays, mass spectrometry and site-directed mutagenesis revealed PASKIN auto-phosphorylation as well as eEF1A1 target phosphorylation mainly but not exclusively at Thr432. Wild-type but not kinase-inactive PASKIN increased the in vitro translation of a reporter cRNA. Whereas eEF1A1 did not localize to the nucleus, it co-localizes with PASKIN to the cytoplasm of HeLa cells. The two proteins also showed a remarkably similar localization in the midpiece of the sperm tail. These data suggest regulation of eEF1A1 by PASKIN-dependent phosphorylation in somatic as well as in sperm cells.

Abstract

PASKIN links energy flux and protein synthesis in yeast, regulates glycogen synthesis in mammals, and has been implicated in glucose-stimulated insulin production in pancreatic beta-cells. Using newly generated monoclonal antibodies, PASKIN was localized in the nuclei of human testis germ cells and in the midpiece of human sperm tails. A speckle-like nuclear pattern was observed for endogenous PASKIN in HeLa cells in addition to its cytoplasmic localization. By yeast two-hybrid screening, we identified the multifunctional eukaryotic translation elongation factor eEF1A1 as a novel interaction partner of PASKIN. This interaction was mapped to the PAS A and kinase domains of PASKIN and to the C-terminus of eEF1A1 using mammalian two-hybrid and GST pull-down assays. Kinase assays, mass spectrometry and site-directed mutagenesis revealed PASKIN auto-phosphorylation as well as eEF1A1 target phosphorylation mainly but not exclusively at Thr432. Wild-type but not kinase-inactive PASKIN increased the in vitro translation of a reporter cRNA. Whereas eEF1A1 did not localize to the nucleus, it co-localizes with PASKIN to the cytoplasm of HeLa cells. The two proteins also showed a remarkably similar localization in the midpiece of the sperm tail. These data suggest regulation of eEF1A1 by PASKIN-dependent phosphorylation in somatic as well as in sperm cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

08 University Research Priority Programs > Systems Biology / Functional Genomics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:21
Last Modified:07 Jul 2016 10:15
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1015-8987
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000104169
PubMed ID:17595531

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