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Capuano, P; Radanovic, T; Wagner, C A; Bacic, D; Kato, S; Uchiyama, Y; St-Arnoud, R; Murer, H; Biber, J (2005). Intestinal and renal adaptation to a low-Pi diet of type II NaPi cotransporters in vitamin D receptor- and 1alphaOHase-deficient mice. American Journal of Physiology: Cell Physiology, 288(2):C429-C434.

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Intake of a low-phosphate diet stimulates transepithelial transport of Pi in small intestine as well as in renal proximal tubules. In both organs, this is paralleled by a change in the abundance of the apically localized NaPi cotransporters NaPi type IIa (NaPi-IIa) and NaPi type IIb (NaPi-IIb), respectively. Low-Pi diet, via stimulation of the activity of the renal 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3-1alpha-hydroxylase (1alphaOHase), leads to an increase in the level of 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D]. Regulation of the intestinal absorption of Pi and the abundance of NaPi-IIb by 1,25(OH)2D has been supposed to involve the vitamin D receptor (VDR). In this study, we investigated the adaptation to a low-Pi diet of NaPi-IIb in small intestine as well as NaPi-IIa in kidneys of either VDR- or 1alphaOHase-deficient mice. In both mouse models, upregulation by a low-Pi diet of the NaPi cotransporters NaPi-IIa and NaPi-IIb was normal, i.e., similar to that observed in the wild types. Also, in small intestines of VDR- and 1alphaOHase-deficient mice, the same changes in NaPi-IIb mRNA found in wild-type mice were observed. On the basis of the results, we conclude that the regulation of NaPi cotransport in small intestine (via NaPi-IIb) and kidney (via NaPi-IIa) by low dietary intake of Pi cannot be explained by the 1,25(OH)2D-VDR axis.


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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Date:1 February 2005
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:18
Publisher:American Physiological Society
Publisher DOI:10.1152/ajpcell.00331.2004
PubMed ID:15643054

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