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(18)FDG-PET-CT improves specificity of preoperative lymph-node staging in patients with intestinal but not diffuse-type esophagogastric adenocarcinoma


Lehmann, K; Eshmuminov, D; Bauerfeind, P; Gubler, C; Veit-Haibach, P; Weber, A; Abdul-Rahman, H; Fischer, M; Reiner, C; Schneider, P M (2016). (18)FDG-PET-CT improves specificity of preoperative lymph-node staging in patients with intestinal but not diffuse-type esophagogastric adenocarcinoma. European Journal of Surgical Oncology:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION The accuracy of preoperative lymph-node staging in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) or gastric cancer (GC) is low. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) for lymph-node staging in patients with AEG or GC, with or without neoadjuvant treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS 221 consecutive patients with GC (n = 88) or AEG (n = 133) were evaluated. Initial staging included endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), multidetector spiral CT (MDCT) and PET-CT. PET-CT was performed for restaging in patients after neoadjuvant treatment (n = 94). Systematic lymphadenectomy was routinely performed with histopathological assessment of individual mediastinal and abdominal lymph-node stations. Preoperative staging from EUS, MDCT, and PET-CT was correlated with histopathological results. RESULTS PET-CT showed a high specificity (91%) and positive predictive value (89%) for the preoperative detection of lymph-node metastases. In comparison, EUS was more sensitive (73% versus 50%, P < 0.01) but less specific (60%, P < 0.01). In patients with intestinal/mixed-type tumors, PET-CT improved the detection of extra-regional lymph-node metastases (P = 0.01) and distant metastases (P = 0.01) compared to CT alone. In contrast, lymph-node assessment by PET/CT after neoadjuvant treatment (32%, P < 0.01) and in diffuse-type cancers (24%, P < 0.01) is futile because of low sensitivities. CONCLUSION PET-CT does not improve the overall accuracy of N staging, but does improve specificity compared to EUS and MDCT in AEG and GC. We do not recommend routine PET-CT for the initial staging in patients with diffuse-type cancer or for restaging of lymph nodes after neoadjuvant treatment.

INTRODUCTION The accuracy of preoperative lymph-node staging in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) or gastric cancer (GC) is low. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) for lymph-node staging in patients with AEG or GC, with or without neoadjuvant treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS 221 consecutive patients with GC (n = 88) or AEG (n = 133) were evaluated. Initial staging included endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), multidetector spiral CT (MDCT) and PET-CT. PET-CT was performed for restaging in patients after neoadjuvant treatment (n = 94). Systematic lymphadenectomy was routinely performed with histopathological assessment of individual mediastinal and abdominal lymph-node stations. Preoperative staging from EUS, MDCT, and PET-CT was correlated with histopathological results. RESULTS PET-CT showed a high specificity (91%) and positive predictive value (89%) for the preoperative detection of lymph-node metastases. In comparison, EUS was more sensitive (73% versus 50%, P < 0.01) but less specific (60%, P < 0.01). In patients with intestinal/mixed-type tumors, PET-CT improved the detection of extra-regional lymph-node metastases (P = 0.01) and distant metastases (P = 0.01) compared to CT alone. In contrast, lymph-node assessment by PET/CT after neoadjuvant treatment (32%, P < 0.01) and in diffuse-type cancers (24%, P < 0.01) is futile because of low sensitivities. CONCLUSION PET-CT does not improve the overall accuracy of N staging, but does improve specificity compared to EUS and MDCT in AEG and GC. We do not recommend routine PET-CT for the initial staging in patients with diffuse-type cancer or for restaging of lymph nodes after neoadjuvant treatment.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:7 September 2016
Deposited On:10 Oct 2016 14:29
Last Modified:10 Oct 2016 14:29
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0748-7983
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2016.08.020
PubMed ID:27692533
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-126464

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