Briest, W; Homagk, L; Baba, H A; Deten, A; Rassler, B; Tannapfel, A; Wagner, K F; Wenger, R H; Zimmer, H G (2004). Cardiac remodeling in erythropoietin-transgenic mice. Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry, 14(4-6):277-284.
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BACKGROUND: Transgenic (tg) mice with chronic overexpression of the human erythropoietin gene are characterized by an increased hematocrit of about 0.80 in adulthood. This is accompanied by cardiac dysfunction and premature death. The aim of this study was to examine whether this cardiac dysfunction was accompanied by hypertrophy of the heart with remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM). METHODS: 3-months-old wild type (wt) and tg mice without cardiac hypertrophy were compared with the respective 7-months-old mice. The mRNA of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2, -8, -9, -13, of the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, -2, -3, -4 and of collagen I and III was detected by ribonuclease protection assay. The activity of MMPs was measured by zymography. RESULTS: There was hypertrophy of both ventricles in 7-months-old tg mice, which was accompanied by elevated mRNA expression of BNP. MMP-2 activity was increased and MMP-9 activity was decreased in the left ventricle (LV) of 3-months-old tg mice. This was accompanied by elevated TIMP-4 expression, followed by a shift of collagen mRNA expression from type III to type I in this ventricle. CONCLUSION: The shift to collagen I in the heart of tg mice might be associated with a stiffer ventricle resulting in diastolic dysfunction. This may be responsible for a relative and intermittent LV- and right ventricle (RV)-insufficiency which was likely to have occurred as evidenced by the elevation of lung and liver weight with hemorrhage and interstitial fibrosis after 7 months.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology|
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 13:22|
|Last Modified:||23 Nov 2012 17:05|
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