UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species control the transcription factor CHOP-10/GADD153 and adipocyte differentiation: a mechanism for hypoxia-dependent effect.


Carrière, A; Carmona, M C; Fernandez, Y; Rigoulet, M; Wenger, R H; Pénicaud, L; Casteilla, L (2004). Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species control the transcription factor CHOP-10/GADD153 and adipocyte differentiation: a mechanism for hypoxia-dependent effect. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279(39):40462-40469.

Abstract

Recent reports emphasize the importance of mitochondria in white adipose tissue biology. In addition to their crucial role in energy homeostasis, mitochondria are the main site of reactive oxygen species generation. When moderately produced, they function as physiological signaling molecules. Thus, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species trigger hypoxia-dependent gene expression. Therefore the present study tested the implication of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species in adipocyte differentiation and their putative role in the hypoxia-dependent effect on this differentiation. Pharmacological manipulations of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species generation demonstrate a very strong and negative correlation between changes in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-F442A preadipocytes. Moreover, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species positively and specifically control expression of the adipogenic repressor CHOP-10/GADD153. Hypoxia (1% O2) strongly increased reactive oxygen species generation, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and CHOP-10/GADD153 expression, and inhibited adipocyte differentiation. All of these hypoxia-dependent effects were partly prevented by antioxidants. By using hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha)-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts, HIF-1alpha was shown not to be required for hypoxia-mediated CHOP-10/GADD153 induction. Moreover, the comparison of hypoxia and CoCl2 effects on adipocyte differentiation of wild type or HIF-1alpha deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts suggests the existence of at least two pathways dependent or not on the presence of HIF-1alpha. Together, these data demonstrate that mitochondrial reactive oxygen species control CHOP-10/GADD153 expression, are antiadipogenic signaling molecules, and trigger hypoxia-dependent inhibition of adipocyte differentiation.

Recent reports emphasize the importance of mitochondria in white adipose tissue biology. In addition to their crucial role in energy homeostasis, mitochondria are the main site of reactive oxygen species generation. When moderately produced, they function as physiological signaling molecules. Thus, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species trigger hypoxia-dependent gene expression. Therefore the present study tested the implication of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species in adipocyte differentiation and their putative role in the hypoxia-dependent effect on this differentiation. Pharmacological manipulations of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species generation demonstrate a very strong and negative correlation between changes in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-F442A preadipocytes. Moreover, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species positively and specifically control expression of the adipogenic repressor CHOP-10/GADD153. Hypoxia (1% O2) strongly increased reactive oxygen species generation, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and CHOP-10/GADD153 expression, and inhibited adipocyte differentiation. All of these hypoxia-dependent effects were partly prevented by antioxidants. By using hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha)-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts, HIF-1alpha was shown not to be required for hypoxia-mediated CHOP-10/GADD153 induction. Moreover, the comparison of hypoxia and CoCl2 effects on adipocyte differentiation of wild type or HIF-1alpha deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts suggests the existence of at least two pathways dependent or not on the presence of HIF-1alpha. Together, these data demonstrate that mitochondrial reactive oxygen species control CHOP-10/GADD153 expression, are antiadipogenic signaling molecules, and trigger hypoxia-dependent inhibition of adipocyte differentiation.

Citations

138 citations in Web of Science®
145 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

95 downloads since deposited on 11 Feb 2008
28 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2004
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:22
Last Modified:26 Aug 2016 07:32
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1074/jbc.M407258200
PubMed ID:15265861
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1279

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 534kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations