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X-ray structure and conformational dynamics of the HIV-1 protease in complex with the inhibitor SDZ283-910: agreement of time-resolved spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations


Ringhofer, S; Kallen, J; Dutzler, R; Billich, A; Visser, A J; Scholz, D; Steinhauser, O; Schreiber, H; Auer, M; Kungl, A J (1999). X-ray structure and conformational dynamics of the HIV-1 protease in complex with the inhibitor SDZ283-910: agreement of time-resolved spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations. Journal of Molecular Biology, 286(4):1147-59.

Abstract

Based on the X-ray structure of the human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) protease in complex with the statine-derived inhibitor SDZ283-910, a 542 ps molecular dynamics trajectory was computed. For comparison with the 805 ps trajectory obtained for the uncomplexed enzyme, the theoretical fluorescence anisotropy decay of the unliganded protease and the inhibitor complex was calculated from the trajectories of the Trp6A/Trp6B and Trp42A/Trp42B transition dipole moments. This enabled us to directly compare the simulated data with the experimental picosecond time-resolved fluorescence data. Fitting both experimental and simulated data to the Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts (KWW) function exp(-t/tauk)beta revealed a very good agreement for the uncomplexed protease as well as for the SDZ283-910 complex. Binding of the inhibitor induced a faster decay of both the experimental and the computed protease fluorescence anisotropy decay. By this integrative approach, the atomic detail of inhibitor-induced changes in the conformational dynamics of the HIV-1 protease was experimentally verified and will be used for further inhibitor optimisation.

Abstract

Based on the X-ray structure of the human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) protease in complex with the statine-derived inhibitor SDZ283-910, a 542 ps molecular dynamics trajectory was computed. For comparison with the 805 ps trajectory obtained for the uncomplexed enzyme, the theoretical fluorescence anisotropy decay of the unliganded protease and the inhibitor complex was calculated from the trajectories of the Trp6A/Trp6B and Trp42A/Trp42B transition dipole moments. This enabled us to directly compare the simulated data with the experimental picosecond time-resolved fluorescence data. Fitting both experimental and simulated data to the Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts (KWW) function exp(-t/tauk)beta revealed a very good agreement for the uncomplexed protease as well as for the SDZ283-910 complex. Binding of the inhibitor induced a faster decay of both the experimental and the computed protease fluorescence anisotropy decay. By this integrative approach, the atomic detail of inhibitor-induced changes in the conformational dynamics of the HIV-1 protease was experimentally verified and will be used for further inhibitor optimisation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1999
Deposited On:17 Mar 2009 11:28
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:58
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-2836
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.1998.2533
PubMed ID:10047488

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