UZH-Logo

Norepinephrine-induced acute heart failure in transgenic mice overexpressing erythropoietin


Deten, A; Shibata, J; Scholz, D; Briest, W; Wagner, K F; Wenger, R H; Zimmer, H G (2004). Norepinephrine-induced acute heart failure in transgenic mice overexpressing erythropoietin. Cardiovascular Research, 61(1):105-114.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Overexpression of erythropoietin (Epo) in mice (Epo-tg6) leads to an increase in hematocrit and blood volume, and strongly reduces endurance upon exercise. It was the aim of this study to characterize the mechanisms underlying the reduced cardiac performance. METHODS: Left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular function was measured with and without norepinephrine (NE) stimulation in 12 anaesthetized Epo-tg6 and in 13 wild-type (WT) control mice. RESULTS: There were no differences in heart function under baseline resting conditions. Stimulation with NE (10 microl bolus injections of 1-100 ng per mouse) in WT mice led to a dose-dependent increase in heart rate (HR), LV developed pressure (LVDP) and rate of rise in LV pressure (LV dP/dt(max)), while LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was unchanged. Except for HR, these parameters increased to a lesser extent in EPO-tg6 mice. Strikingly, LVEDP strongly increased in Epo-tg6 mice after NE (up to >20 mmHg). Eleven out of 13 Epo-tg6, but none of the WT mice died or required resuscitation after high-doses of NE. In these cases severe diastolic dysfunction became overt since the relative myocardial relaxation time was significantly prolonged and the duration of diastole was shortened. Moreover, the ECG showed a marked ST segment depression as well as deep negative T-waves. The NE-induced reduction in myocardial adenosin-triphosphate (ATP) content was more pronounced in Epo-tg6 mice after 10 min of continuous NE infusion (50 ng/min per mouse). CONCLUSION: NE-induced stress in Epo-tg6 mice led to acute heart failure associated with diastolic dysfunction and myocardial ischemia.

OBJECTIVE: Overexpression of erythropoietin (Epo) in mice (Epo-tg6) leads to an increase in hematocrit and blood volume, and strongly reduces endurance upon exercise. It was the aim of this study to characterize the mechanisms underlying the reduced cardiac performance. METHODS: Left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular function was measured with and without norepinephrine (NE) stimulation in 12 anaesthetized Epo-tg6 and in 13 wild-type (WT) control mice. RESULTS: There were no differences in heart function under baseline resting conditions. Stimulation with NE (10 microl bolus injections of 1-100 ng per mouse) in WT mice led to a dose-dependent increase in heart rate (HR), LV developed pressure (LVDP) and rate of rise in LV pressure (LV dP/dt(max)), while LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was unchanged. Except for HR, these parameters increased to a lesser extent in EPO-tg6 mice. Strikingly, LVEDP strongly increased in Epo-tg6 mice after NE (up to >20 mmHg). Eleven out of 13 Epo-tg6, but none of the WT mice died or required resuscitation after high-doses of NE. In these cases severe diastolic dysfunction became overt since the relative myocardial relaxation time was significantly prolonged and the duration of diastole was shortened. Moreover, the ECG showed a marked ST segment depression as well as deep negative T-waves. The NE-induced reduction in myocardial adenosin-triphosphate (ATP) content was more pronounced in Epo-tg6 mice after 10 min of continuous NE infusion (50 ng/min per mouse). CONCLUSION: NE-induced stress in Epo-tg6 mice led to acute heart failure associated with diastolic dysfunction and myocardial ischemia.

Citations

10 citations in Web of Science®
13 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

123 downloads since deposited on 11 Feb 2008
17 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2004
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:18
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0008-6363
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.cardiores.2003.10.026
PubMed ID:14732207
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1282

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 3MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations