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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-13194

Hofmann, Maria Ines; Böni, Thomas; Alt, Kurt; Woitek, Ulrich; Rühli, Frank (2008). Paleopathologies of the vertebral column in medieval skeletons. Anthropologischer Anzeiger, 66(1):1-17.

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Abstract

Paleopathological data provide valuable information about health, longevity and mortality in earlier human populations. We investigated the incidence of spinal pathologies on 54 individuals (1045 vertebrae and 18 sacral bones) that belong to a medieval skeletal series discovered in the Dalheim monastery (Northwest Germany) and compared them with contemporary and recent populations. The skeletons were analyzed with anthropological methods (sex and age determination), by macroscopic inspection, and, if pathologies of the spine and the sacrum were visible, also by X-ray. We investigated evidence of trauma, specific and nonspecific infectious diseases, joint diseases, tumors, and congenital as well as metabolic disorders. Radiocarbon determination of four samples of different specimens was also undertaken revealing a historic dating of ca. 1050 AD. The most common pathological findings were degenerative changes of the spine found in 29 individuals (53.3%). Examples of infections of the spine were rare (0.8% of all vertebrae). There were no cases of traumatic injuries of the spine. The prevalence of spondylosis deformans, the most commonly found type of pathology was found to be higher in the lumbar region, in males as well as in individuals of low stature.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute and Museum of the History of Medicine
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
900 History
330 Economics
Language:English
Date:March 2008
Deposited On:14 Feb 2009 21:05
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 23:33
Publisher:E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
ISSN:0003-5548
Additional Information:Der Titel des akzeptierten Manuskripts lautet "Postcranial paleopathological findings in a medieval skeletal series, (Dalheim, Germany) ca. 1100 AD".
Official URL:http://www.schweizerbart.de/j/anthropologischer-anzeiger/
Related URLs:http://www.schweizerbart.de/ (Publisher)
PubMed ID:18435203
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 5
Google Scholar™
Scopus®. Citation Count: 6

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