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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-13205

Kümmerle, J M; Kummer, M; Auer, J A; Nitzl, D; Fürst, A (2009). Locking compression plate osteosynthesis of complicated mandibular fractures in six horses. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 22(1):54-58.

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Abstract

Complicated mandibular fractures were recognised in one foal, one pony and four horses. The foal was two months old while the adult animals ranged in age from 12 to 24 years. Three horses had a unilateral horizontal ramus fracture. Two fractures were open and one was closed. Comminution was present in one of these patients while lthe other two horses had marked displacement of the fragments. Two suffered from comminuted fractures of the horizontal and vertical ramus of the mandible. One of these patients had open and infected fractures. One foal had a bilateral horizontal ramus fracture with mrked periosteal "new bone" formation and malalignement which required corrective osteotomy. Each horse underwent locking compression plate (LCP) osteosynthesis consisting of open fracture reduction and application of one to three 4.5/5.0 mm LCP at the ventral, lateral or caudal aspect of the mandible under fluoroscopic control. Two 3.5 mm LCP were used in the foal. Plate fixation was supported by application of a cerclage wire construct between the incisor and premolar teeth in most patients. Complete fracture healing, with excellent functional and cosmetic outcome was achieved in all of the patients. Complications encountered included seroma formation, screw and wire breakage, as well as implant and apical tooth root infections. The LCP was removed after fracture healing had occurred in four patients.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals > Division of Diagnostic Imaging
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Equine Department > Equine Clinic
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords:Horse, mandibular fracture, osteosynthesis, locking compression plate
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:17 Mar 2009 13:43
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 17:33
Publisher:Schattauer
ISSN:0932-0814
Publisher DOI:10.3415/VCOT-08-01-0001
PubMed ID:19151871
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 14
Google Scholar™
Scopus®. Citation Count: 14

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