Murer, H; Biber, J (1997). A molecular view of proximal tubular inorganic phosphate (Pi) reabsorption and of its regulation. Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology (Pflugers Archiv), 433(4):379-389.
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In recent years, two mammalian proximal tubular brush border membrane Na/Pi cotransporters (types I and II) have been structurally identified by expression cloning techniques. Oocyte expression studies have shown that only the transport characteristics of the type II transporter correspond to the well-known properties of proximal tubular brush border membrane of Pi transport. In studies on physiological regulation by hormonal and non-hormonal factors a direct involvement and determining role of the type II transporter has been documented. Most interestingly, specific membrane retrieval/insertion phenomena participate in acute (minutes/hours) adjustments of brush border membrane Na/Pi cotransport rates; for chronic (hours/days) alterations also specific resynthesis/degradation processes participate. In pathophysiological alterations (e.g. in X-linked hypophosphataemia and in heavy metal-induced nephrotoxicity) the expression of the type II Na/Pi cotransporters is reduced and explains the observed phosphaturia.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Date:||1 February 1997|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 12:22|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 22:27|
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