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Polarization of adenosine effects on intracellular pH in A6 renal epithelial cells.


Casavola, V; Guerra, L; Reshkin, S J; Jacobson, K A; Murer, H (1997). Polarization of adenosine effects on intracellular pH in A6 renal epithelial cells. Molecular Pharmacology, 51(3):516-523.

Abstract

The effect of adenosine on Na+/H+ exchange activity was examined in cultured A6 renal epithelial cells. Adenosine and its analogue N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) had different effects on Na+/H+ exchange activity depending on the side of addition. Basolateral CPA induced a stimulation of Na+/H+ exchange activity that was completely prevented by preincubation with an A2A-selective antagonist, 8-(3-chlorostyryl)caffeine, whereas apical CPA induced a slight but significant inhibition of Na+/H+ exchange activity that was significantly reduced by the A1-receptor antagonist 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine. Protein kinase C activation may be involved in mediating the apical CPA inhibition of Na+/H+ exchange activity; this inhibition was prevented by the protein kinase C inhibitor calphostin C. Treatment with either forskolin or 8-bromo-cAMP significantly stimulated Na+/H+ exchange activity; only basolateral CPA addition induced an increase in cAMP level. These observations together with the finding that the CPA-dependent stimulation of exchange activity was prevented by the protein kinase A inhibitor H-89 support the hypothesis that basolateral CPA stimulates Na+/H+ exchange via adenylate cyclase/protein kinase A activation. Basolateral CPA also increased transepithelial Na+ transport, and this stimulation was prevented by the Na+/H+ exchange inhibitor HOE-694, suggesting that changes in pHi during hormone action can act as an intermediate in the second-messenger cascade.

The effect of adenosine on Na+/H+ exchange activity was examined in cultured A6 renal epithelial cells. Adenosine and its analogue N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) had different effects on Na+/H+ exchange activity depending on the side of addition. Basolateral CPA induced a stimulation of Na+/H+ exchange activity that was completely prevented by preincubation with an A2A-selective antagonist, 8-(3-chlorostyryl)caffeine, whereas apical CPA induced a slight but significant inhibition of Na+/H+ exchange activity that was significantly reduced by the A1-receptor antagonist 1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine. Protein kinase C activation may be involved in mediating the apical CPA inhibition of Na+/H+ exchange activity; this inhibition was prevented by the protein kinase C inhibitor calphostin C. Treatment with either forskolin or 8-bromo-cAMP significantly stimulated Na+/H+ exchange activity; only basolateral CPA addition induced an increase in cAMP level. These observations together with the finding that the CPA-dependent stimulation of exchange activity was prevented by the protein kinase A inhibitor H-89 support the hypothesis that basolateral CPA stimulates Na+/H+ exchange via adenylate cyclase/protein kinase A activation. Basolateral CPA also increased transepithelial Na+ transport, and this stimulation was prevented by the Na+/H+ exchange inhibitor HOE-694, suggesting that changes in pHi during hormone action can act as an intermediate in the second-messenger cascade.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 March 1997
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:18
Publisher:American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
ISSN:0026-895X
Related URLs:http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/51/3/516
PubMed ID:9058608
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1329

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