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Otani, N; Fujioka, M; Oracuioglu, B; Muroi, C; Khan, N; Roth, P; Yonekawa, Y (2008). Thalamic cavernous angioma: paraculminar supracerebellar infratentorial transtentorial approach for the safe and complete surgical removal. In: Yonekawa, Y; Tsukahara, T; Valavanis, A; Khan, N. Changing Aspects in Stroke Surgery: Aneurysms, Dissections, Moyamoya Angiopathy and EC-IC Bypass. Austria - Wien, 2008: Springer Viena, 29-36.

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BACKGROUND: The thalamic cavernous angioma (CA) represents a neurosurgical challenge because of the critical neurologic functions of the thalamus and its surrounding structures and of their deep location inside the brain. Although the natural history of the thalamic CA remains undefined, several studies suggest the poor outcome of those patients especially if the symptomatic thalamic CA is treated conservatively. We describe the advantage of the paraculminar supracerebellar approach to the lesions in the brainstem. OBJECTIVE: We studied the usefulness and the safety of the paraculminar supracerebellar infratentorial transtentorial approach for the patients with thalamic CA. METHODS: One hundred and ninety two consecutive patients with CA were treated at the Department of Neurosurgery in the Zurich University Hospital between 1993 and 2003. Among these patients, we analyzed six patients (four female, mean age 43) with thalamic CA who underwent surgical removal with the paraculminar supracerebellar transtentorial approach. We retrospectively reviewed their medical charts, the neuroradiological images, and the operative notes/video records. RESULTS: Four patients of the six presented with thalamic hemorrhage. CA existed in the left thalamus in four patients and in the right in two. Preoperative symptoms included sensorimotor disturbance (three cases), double vision (three cases), Parinaud syndrome (one case), and thalamic pain (one case). All patients had the thalamic CA completely removed without any postoperative deterioration. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that for the removal of thalamic cavernous angioma the paraculminar supracerebellar infratentorial transtentorial approach provides the spacious surgical field with reduced risks of damaging and sacrificing surrounding vascular and neuronal system. This approach could proffer one of the best and safest surgical routes for the radical removal of thalamic cavernous angioma.


9 citations in Web of Science®
9 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurosurgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:17 Feb 2009 14:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:59
Publisher:Springer Viena
Series Name:Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum
Number:Volume 103 / Teil 1
ISBN:978-3-211-76588-3 (P) 978-3-211-76589-0 (E)
Additional Information:Buch DOI:10.1007/978-3-211-76589-0 The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Publisher DOI:10.1007/978-3-211-76589-0_7
PubMed ID:18496942

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