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Calcitonin gene-related peptide-evoked sustained tachycardia in calcitonin receptor-like receptor transgenic mice is mediated by sympathetic activity


Kunz, T H; Scott, M; Ittner, L M; Fischer, J A; Born, W; Vogel, J (2007). Calcitonin gene-related peptide-evoked sustained tachycardia in calcitonin receptor-like receptor transgenic mice is mediated by sympathetic activity. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 293(4):H2155-H2160.

Abstract

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and adrenomedullin (AM) are potent vasodilators and exert positive chronotropic and inotropic effects on the heart. Receptors for CGRP and AM are calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR)/receptor-activity-modifying protein (RAMP) 1 and CLR/RAMP2 heterodimers, respectively. The present study was designed to delineate distinct cardiovascular effects of CGRP and AM. Thus a V5-tagged rat CLR was expressed in transgenic mice in the vascular musculature, a recognized target of CGRP. Interestingly, basal arterial pressure and heart rate were indistinguishable in transgenic mice and in control littermates. Moreover, intravenous injection of 2 nmol/kg CGRP, unlike 2 nmol/kg AM, decreased arterial pressure equally by 18 +/- 5 mmHg in transgenic and control animals. But the concomitant increase in heart rate evoked by CGRP was 3.7 times higher in transgenic mice than in control animals. The effects of CGRP in transgenic and control mice, different from a decrease in arterial pressure in response to 20 nmol/kg AM, were suppressed by 2 micromol/kg of the CGRP antagonist CGRP(8-37). Propranolol, in contrast to hexamethonium, blocked the CGRP-evoked increase in heart rate in both transgenic and control animals. This was consistent with the immunohistochemical localization of the V5-tagged CLR in the superior cervical ganglion of transgenic mice. In conclusion, hypotension evoked by CGRP in transgenic and control mice was comparable and CGRP was more potent than AM. Unexpectedly, the CLR/RAMP CGRP receptor overexpressed in postganglionic sympathetic neurons of transgenic mice enhanced the positive chronotropic action of systemic CGRP.

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and adrenomedullin (AM) are potent vasodilators and exert positive chronotropic and inotropic effects on the heart. Receptors for CGRP and AM are calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR)/receptor-activity-modifying protein (RAMP) 1 and CLR/RAMP2 heterodimers, respectively. The present study was designed to delineate distinct cardiovascular effects of CGRP and AM. Thus a V5-tagged rat CLR was expressed in transgenic mice in the vascular musculature, a recognized target of CGRP. Interestingly, basal arterial pressure and heart rate were indistinguishable in transgenic mice and in control littermates. Moreover, intravenous injection of 2 nmol/kg CGRP, unlike 2 nmol/kg AM, decreased arterial pressure equally by 18 +/- 5 mmHg in transgenic and control animals. But the concomitant increase in heart rate evoked by CGRP was 3.7 times higher in transgenic mice than in control animals. The effects of CGRP in transgenic and control mice, different from a decrease in arterial pressure in response to 20 nmol/kg AM, were suppressed by 2 micromol/kg of the CGRP antagonist CGRP(8-37). Propranolol, in contrast to hexamethonium, blocked the CGRP-evoked increase in heart rate in both transgenic and control animals. This was consistent with the immunohistochemical localization of the V5-tagged CLR in the superior cervical ganglion of transgenic mice. In conclusion, hypotension evoked by CGRP in transgenic and control mice was comparable and CGRP was more potent than AM. Unexpectedly, the CLR/RAMP CGRP receptor overexpressed in postganglionic sympathetic neurons of transgenic mice enhanced the positive chronotropic action of systemic CGRP.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:October 2007
Deposited On:20 Mar 2009 09:44
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:59
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0363-6135
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpheart.00629.2007
PubMed ID:17660394
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-13406

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