UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Constrictive external nitinol meshes inhibit vein graft intimal hyperplasia in nonhuman primates


Zilla, P; Human, P; Wolf, M; Lichtenberg, W; Rafiee, N; Bezuidenhout, D; Samodien, N; Schmidt, C; Franz, T (2008). Constrictive external nitinol meshes inhibit vein graft intimal hyperplasia in nonhuman primates. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 136(3):717-725.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: External mesh support of vein grafts has been shown to mitigate the formation of intimal hyperplasia. The aim of the present study was to address the issue of optimal mesh size in a nonhuman primate model that mimics the dimensional mismatch typically encountered between clinical vein grafts and their target arteries. METHODS: The effect of mesh size on intimal hyperplasia and endothelial preservation was assessed in bilateral femoral interposition grafts in Chacma baboons (n(Sigma) = 32/n = 8 per mesh size). No mesh support (group I) was compared with external nitinol meshes at three different sizes: loose fitting (group II), 25% diameter constricting (group III), and 50% diameter constricting (group IV). Mesh sizes were seen not only in isolation but also against the background of anastomotic size mismatch at implantation, expressed as quotient of cross-sectional area of host artery to vein graft (Q(C)). RESULTS: Significant amounts of intimal hyperplasia were found in group I (Q(C) median 0.20; intimal hyperplasia 6 weeks = 1.63 +/- 0.34 mm(2); intimal hyperplasia 12 weeks = 1.73 +/- 0.5 mm(2)) and group II (Q(C) median 0.25; intimal hyperplasia 6 weeks = 1.96 +/- 1.64 mm(2); intimal hyperplasia 12 weeks = 2.88 +/- 1.69 mm(2)). In contrast, group III (Q(C) median 0.45; intimal hyperplasia 6 weeks = 0.08 +/- 0.13 mm(2); intimal hyperplasia 12 weeks = 0.18 +/- 0.32 mm(2)) and IV (Q(C) median 1.16; intimal hyperplasia 6 weeks = 0.02 +/- 0.03 mm(2); intimal hyperplasia 12 weeks = 0.11 +/- 0.10 mm(2)) showed dramatically suppressed intimal hyperplasia (P < .01) at both time points. Endothelial integrity was only preserved in group IV (P < .05). There were no significant differences in vascularization and inflammation in either interlayer or intergroup comparisons. CONCLUSION: By using an animal model that addressed the clinical phenomenon of diameter discrepancy between vein graft and bypassed artery, we could demonstrate that suppression of intimal hyperplasia required constrictive mesh sizes.

OBJECTIVE: External mesh support of vein grafts has been shown to mitigate the formation of intimal hyperplasia. The aim of the present study was to address the issue of optimal mesh size in a nonhuman primate model that mimics the dimensional mismatch typically encountered between clinical vein grafts and their target arteries. METHODS: The effect of mesh size on intimal hyperplasia and endothelial preservation was assessed in bilateral femoral interposition grafts in Chacma baboons (n(Sigma) = 32/n = 8 per mesh size). No mesh support (group I) was compared with external nitinol meshes at three different sizes: loose fitting (group II), 25% diameter constricting (group III), and 50% diameter constricting (group IV). Mesh sizes were seen not only in isolation but also against the background of anastomotic size mismatch at implantation, expressed as quotient of cross-sectional area of host artery to vein graft (Q(C)). RESULTS: Significant amounts of intimal hyperplasia were found in group I (Q(C) median 0.20; intimal hyperplasia 6 weeks = 1.63 +/- 0.34 mm(2); intimal hyperplasia 12 weeks = 1.73 +/- 0.5 mm(2)) and group II (Q(C) median 0.25; intimal hyperplasia 6 weeks = 1.96 +/- 1.64 mm(2); intimal hyperplasia 12 weeks = 2.88 +/- 1.69 mm(2)). In contrast, group III (Q(C) median 0.45; intimal hyperplasia 6 weeks = 0.08 +/- 0.13 mm(2); intimal hyperplasia 12 weeks = 0.18 +/- 0.32 mm(2)) and IV (Q(C) median 1.16; intimal hyperplasia 6 weeks = 0.02 +/- 0.03 mm(2); intimal hyperplasia 12 weeks = 0.11 +/- 0.10 mm(2)) showed dramatically suppressed intimal hyperplasia (P < .01) at both time points. Endothelial integrity was only preserved in group IV (P < .05). There were no significant differences in vascularization and inflammation in either interlayer or intergroup comparisons. CONCLUSION: By using an animal model that addressed the clinical phenomenon of diameter discrepancy between vein graft and bypassed artery, we could demonstrate that suppression of intimal hyperplasia required constrictive mesh sizes.

Citations

30 citations in Web of Science®
36 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 12 Feb 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:12 Feb 2009 14:04
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:59
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-5223
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2008.02.068
PubMed ID:18805277
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-13434

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 3MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations