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Unchanged expression of the sodium-dependent phosphate cotransporter NaPi-IIa despite diurnal changes in renal phosphate excretion


Bielesz, B; Bacic, D; Honegger, K J; Biber, J; Murer, H; Wagner, C A (2006). Unchanged expression of the sodium-dependent phosphate cotransporter NaPi-IIa despite diurnal changes in renal phosphate excretion. Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology (Pflugers Archiv), 452(6):683-689.

Abstract

Renal phosphate excretion is subjected to circadian rhythmicity. The bulk of filtered inorganic phosphate (P(i)) is reabsorbed by the sodium-dependent phosphate cotransporter NaPi-IIa. The regulation of proximal tubular phosphate reabsorptive capacity is largely attributed to the altered abundance of NaPi-IIa residing in the brush border membrane (BBM) of proximal tubular cells. Therefore, we examined if the diurnal rise in renal phosphate excretion is accompanied by a corresponding change in NaPi-IIa expression. Renal phosphate excretion, creatinine clearance, and serum phosphate were determined at consecutive time points in rats, starting from 8 a.m. until 5 p.m. During this period, renal phosphate excretion (fractional P(i) excretion) increased more than eightfold until 5 p.m. compared to the morning values at 8 a.m. In addition, serum phosphate and creatinine clearance as well as the calculated tubular phosphate threshold increased. Neither immunoblot analysis of BBMs nor immunohistochemical staining for NaPi-IIa yielded evidence for a lower abundance of NaPi-IIa in kidneys collected in the afternoon compared to those in the morning. However, kidneys sampled in the afternoon showed a small decrease (14%) in (32)P uptakes into BBM vesicles (BBMVs). Thus, the diurnal rise in renal phosphate excretion was associated with a mild reduction in the sodium-dependent phosphate transport rate in proximal tubular BBMs. There was no apparent downregulation of NaPi-IIa abundance and only a small reduction in Na(+)-dependent Pi-transport activity. Thus, the diurnal changes in urinary phosphate excretion appear to be mainly related to changes in serum phosphate and tubular threshold but not to NaPi-IIa expression.

Abstract

Renal phosphate excretion is subjected to circadian rhythmicity. The bulk of filtered inorganic phosphate (P(i)) is reabsorbed by the sodium-dependent phosphate cotransporter NaPi-IIa. The regulation of proximal tubular phosphate reabsorptive capacity is largely attributed to the altered abundance of NaPi-IIa residing in the brush border membrane (BBM) of proximal tubular cells. Therefore, we examined if the diurnal rise in renal phosphate excretion is accompanied by a corresponding change in NaPi-IIa expression. Renal phosphate excretion, creatinine clearance, and serum phosphate were determined at consecutive time points in rats, starting from 8 a.m. until 5 p.m. During this period, renal phosphate excretion (fractional P(i) excretion) increased more than eightfold until 5 p.m. compared to the morning values at 8 a.m. In addition, serum phosphate and creatinine clearance as well as the calculated tubular phosphate threshold increased. Neither immunoblot analysis of BBMs nor immunohistochemical staining for NaPi-IIa yielded evidence for a lower abundance of NaPi-IIa in kidneys collected in the afternoon compared to those in the morning. However, kidneys sampled in the afternoon showed a small decrease (14%) in (32)P uptakes into BBM vesicles (BBMVs). Thus, the diurnal rise in renal phosphate excretion was associated with a mild reduction in the sodium-dependent phosphate transport rate in proximal tubular BBMs. There was no apparent downregulation of NaPi-IIa abundance and only a small reduction in Na(+)-dependent Pi-transport activity. Thus, the diurnal changes in urinary phosphate excretion appear to be mainly related to changes in serum phosphate and tubular threshold but not to NaPi-IIa expression.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:19 May 2006
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:18
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0031-6768
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00424-006-0087-0
PubMed ID:16710700

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