UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The extracellular matrix protein ITIH5 is a novel prognostic marker in invasive node-negative breast cancer and its aberrant expression is caused by promoter hypermethylation


Veeck, J; Chorovicer, M; Naami, A; Breuer, E; Zafrakas, M; Bektas, N; Dürst, M; Kristiansen, G; Wild, P J; Hartmann, A; Knuechel, R; Dahl, E (2008). The extracellular matrix protein ITIH5 is a novel prognostic marker in invasive node-negative breast cancer and its aberrant expression is caused by promoter hypermethylation. Oncogene, 27(6):865-876.

Abstract

Inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitors (ITIs) are protease inhibitors stabilizing the extracellular matrix. ITIs consist of one light (bikunin) and two heavy chains (ITIHs). We have recently characterized ITIH5, a novel member of the ITIH gene family, and showed that its messenger RNA is lost in a high proportion of breast tumours. In the present study, an ITIH5-specific polyclonal antibody was generated, validated with western blot and used for immunohistochemical analysis on a tissue microarray; ITIH5 was strongly expressed in epithelial cells of normal breast (n=11/15), while it was lost or strongly reduced in 42% (92/217) of invasive breast cancers. ITIH5 expression in invasive carcinomas was associated with positive expression of oestrogen receptor (P=0.008) and histological grade (P=0.024). Correlation of ITIH5 expression with clinical outcome revealed that patients with primary tumours retaining abundant ITIH5 expression had longer recurrence-free survival (RFS; P=0.037) and overall survival (OS; P=0.044), compared to those with reduced expression (mean RFS: 102 vs 78 months; mean OS: 120 vs 105 months). Methylation-specific PCR analysis frequently showed strong methylation of the ITIH5 promoter in primary breast tumours (41%, n=109) and breast cancer cell lines (n=6). Methylation was significantly associated with mRNA loss (P<0.001; n=39), and ITIH5 expression was induced after treatment of tumour cell lines with the demethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine. Moreover, ITIH5 promoter methylation was significantly associated with reduced OS (P=0.008). The cellular function of ITIH5 was evaluated by forced expression of a full-length ITIH5 complementary DNA in the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231, which does not endogenously express ITIH5. ITIH5-expressing clones showed a 40% reduced proliferation rate compared to mock-transfected cells. Overall, these data show that promoter methylation-mediated loss of ITIH5 expression is associated with unfavourable outcome in breast cancer patients, and thus ITIH5 could be used as a prognostic marker, although this marker is not multivariate independent due to its close association with ER expression. Our data indicate that ITIH5 is a candidate class II tumour suppressor gene and could be involved in tumour progression, invasion and metastasis, as its absence is associated with increased proliferation rates and a prognostic value indicating poor clinical outcome.

Abstract

Inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitors (ITIs) are protease inhibitors stabilizing the extracellular matrix. ITIs consist of one light (bikunin) and two heavy chains (ITIHs). We have recently characterized ITIH5, a novel member of the ITIH gene family, and showed that its messenger RNA is lost in a high proportion of breast tumours. In the present study, an ITIH5-specific polyclonal antibody was generated, validated with western blot and used for immunohistochemical analysis on a tissue microarray; ITIH5 was strongly expressed in epithelial cells of normal breast (n=11/15), while it was lost or strongly reduced in 42% (92/217) of invasive breast cancers. ITIH5 expression in invasive carcinomas was associated with positive expression of oestrogen receptor (P=0.008) and histological grade (P=0.024). Correlation of ITIH5 expression with clinical outcome revealed that patients with primary tumours retaining abundant ITIH5 expression had longer recurrence-free survival (RFS; P=0.037) and overall survival (OS; P=0.044), compared to those with reduced expression (mean RFS: 102 vs 78 months; mean OS: 120 vs 105 months). Methylation-specific PCR analysis frequently showed strong methylation of the ITIH5 promoter in primary breast tumours (41%, n=109) and breast cancer cell lines (n=6). Methylation was significantly associated with mRNA loss (P<0.001; n=39), and ITIH5 expression was induced after treatment of tumour cell lines with the demethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine. Moreover, ITIH5 promoter methylation was significantly associated with reduced OS (P=0.008). The cellular function of ITIH5 was evaluated by forced expression of a full-length ITIH5 complementary DNA in the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231, which does not endogenously express ITIH5. ITIH5-expressing clones showed a 40% reduced proliferation rate compared to mock-transfected cells. Overall, these data show that promoter methylation-mediated loss of ITIH5 expression is associated with unfavourable outcome in breast cancer patients, and thus ITIH5 could be used as a prognostic marker, although this marker is not multivariate independent due to its close association with ER expression. Our data indicate that ITIH5 is a candidate class II tumour suppressor gene and could be involved in tumour progression, invasion and metastasis, as its absence is associated with increased proliferation rates and a prognostic value indicating poor clinical outcome.

Citations

36 citations in Web of Science®
42 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 12 Feb 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:12 Feb 2009 13:55
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:00
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0950-9232
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1210669
PubMed ID:17653090

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations