Bacic, D; Capuano, P; Gisler, S M; Pribanic, S; Christensen, E I; Biber, J; Loffing, J; Kaissling, B; Wagner, C A; Murer, H (2003). Impaired PTH-induced endocytotic down-regulation of the renal type IIa Na+/Pi-cotransporter in RAP-deficient mice with reduced megalin expression. Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology (Pflugers Archiv), 446(4):475-484.
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Inorganic phosphate (P(i)) reabsorption in the renal proximal tubule occurs mostly via the Na(+)/P(i) cotransporter type IIa (NaP(i)-IIa) located in the brush-border membrane (BBM) and is regulated, among other factors, by dietary P(i) intake and parathyroid hormone (PTH). The PTH-induced inhibition of P(i) reabsorption is mediated by endocytosis of Na/P(i)-IIa from the BBM and subsequent lysosomal degradation. Megalin is involved in receptor-mediated endocytosis of proteins from the urine in the renal proximal tubule. The recently identified receptor-associated protein (RAP) is a novel type of chaperone responsible for the intracellular transport of endocytotic receptors such as megalin. Gene disruption of RAP leads to a decrease of megalin in the BBM and to a disturbed proximal tubular endocytotic machinery. Here we investigated whether the distribution of NaP(i)-IIa and/or its regulation by dietary P(i) intake and PTH is affected in the proximal tubules of RAP-deficient mice as a model for megalin loss. In RAP-deficient mice megalin expression was strongly reduced and restricted to a subapical localization. NaP(i)-IIa protein distribution and abundance in the kidney was not altered. The localization and abundance of the NaP(i)-IIa interacting proteins MAP17, PDZK-1, D-AKAP2, and NHE-RF1 were also normal. Other transport proteins expressed in the BBM such as the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger NHE-3 and the Na(+)/sulphate cotransporter NaSi were normally expressed. In whole animals and in isolated fresh kidney slices the PTH-induced internalization of NaP(i)-IIa was strongly delayed in RAP-deficient mice. PTH receptor expression in the proximal tubule was not affected by the RAP knock-out. cAMP, cGMP or PKC activators induced internalization which was delayed in RAP-deficient mice. In contrast, both wildtype and RAP-deficient mice were able to adapt to high-, normal, and low-P(i) diets appropriately as indicated by urinary P(i) excretion and NaP(i)-IIa protein abundance.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Date:||1 July 2003|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 12:22|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 19:24|
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