UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Cancer-retina antigens as potential paraneoplastic antigens in melanoma-associated retinopathy


Bazhin, A V; Dalke, C; Willner, N; Abschütz, O; Wildberger, H G H; Philippov, P P; Dummer, R; Graw, J; Hrabé de Angelis, M; Schadendorf, D; Umansky, V; Eichmüller, S B (2009). Cancer-retina antigens as potential paraneoplastic antigens in melanoma-associated retinopathy. International Journal of Cancer, 124(1):140-149.

Abstract

Melanoma-associated retinopathy is a rare paraneoplastic neurological syndrome characterized by retinopathy in melanoma patients. The main photoreceptor proteins have been found to be expressed as cancer-retina antigens in melanoma. Here we present evidence that these can function as paraneoplastic antigens in melanoma-associated retinopathy. Sera and one tumor cell line of such patients were studied and ret-transgenic mice spontaneously developing melanoma were used as a murine model for melanoma-associated retinopathy. Splenocytes and sera were used for adoptive transfer from tumor-bearing or control mice to wild-type mice. Retinopathy was investigated in mice by funduscopy, electroretinography and eye histology. Expression of photoreceptor proteins and autoantibodies against arrestin and transducin were detected in melanoma-associated retinopathy patients. In tumor-bearing ret-transgenic mice, retinopathy was frequently (13/15) detected by electroretinogram and eye histology. These pathological changes were manifested in degenerations of photoreceptors, bipolar cells and pigment epithelium as well as retinal detachment. Mostly these defects were combined. Cancer-retina antigens were expressed in tumors of these mice, and autoantibodies against arrestin were revealed in some of their sera. Adoptive transfer of splenocytes and sera from tumor-bearing into wild-type mice led to the induction of retinopathy in 4/16 animals. We suggest that melanoma-associated retinopathy can be mediated by humoral and/or cellular immune responses against a number of cancer-retina antigens which may function as paraneoplastic antigens in melanoma-associated retinopathy.

Abstract

Melanoma-associated retinopathy is a rare paraneoplastic neurological syndrome characterized by retinopathy in melanoma patients. The main photoreceptor proteins have been found to be expressed as cancer-retina antigens in melanoma. Here we present evidence that these can function as paraneoplastic antigens in melanoma-associated retinopathy. Sera and one tumor cell line of such patients were studied and ret-transgenic mice spontaneously developing melanoma were used as a murine model for melanoma-associated retinopathy. Splenocytes and sera were used for adoptive transfer from tumor-bearing or control mice to wild-type mice. Retinopathy was investigated in mice by funduscopy, electroretinography and eye histology. Expression of photoreceptor proteins and autoantibodies against arrestin and transducin were detected in melanoma-associated retinopathy patients. In tumor-bearing ret-transgenic mice, retinopathy was frequently (13/15) detected by electroretinogram and eye histology. These pathological changes were manifested in degenerations of photoreceptors, bipolar cells and pigment epithelium as well as retinal detachment. Mostly these defects were combined. Cancer-retina antigens were expressed in tumors of these mice, and autoantibodies against arrestin were revealed in some of their sera. Adoptive transfer of splenocytes and sera from tumor-bearing into wild-type mice led to the induction of retinopathy in 4/16 animals. We suggest that melanoma-associated retinopathy can be mediated by humoral and/or cellular immune responses against a number of cancer-retina antigens which may function as paraneoplastic antigens in melanoma-associated retinopathy.

Citations

18 citations in Web of Science®
20 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 12 Mar 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2009
Deposited On:12 Mar 2009 11:02
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:01
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0020-7136
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.23909
PubMed ID:18814277

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 2MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations