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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-13910

Hauschild, A; Dummer, R; Ugurel, S; Kaehler, K C; Egberts, F; Fink, W; Both-Skalsky, J; Laetsch, B; Schadendorf, D (2008). Combined treatment with pegylated interferon-alpha-2a and dacarbazine in patients with advanced metastatic melanoma: a phase 2 study. Cancer, 113(6):1404-1411.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dacarbazine (DTIC) and pegylated interferon (IFN)-alpha-2a have both demonstrated some efficacy as single agents in metastatic melanoma. To the authors' knowledge, the current study is the first to test a combination of these 2 agents in a phase 2 trial. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with stage IV melanoma without brain metastases were treated with DTIC (at a dose of 850 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks) combined with weekly pegylated IFN-alpha-2a at a dose of 180 microg. The study was initiated to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of the combination. The primary study endpoint was objective response. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were evaluable for response. Two patients (8.0%) achieved a complete response that continued for >480 days and 746 days, respectively. Four patients (16.0%) demonstrated a partial response, and another patient experienced stable disease. Six of 7 nonprogressive patients had either not received treatment or had not developed disease progression during adjuvant IFN treatment for stage II/III disease. The median duration of response was 236 days, the median progression-free survival was 56 days, and the overall survival time was 403 days. Few grade 3 toxicities and only 1 grade 4 toxicity were observed (according to National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of DTIC and pegylated IFN-alpha-2a was found to be well tolerated in patients with metastatic melanoma. The response rate of 24%, including 2 long-lasting complete responses, is encouraging, but must be confirmed in larger trials.

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11 citations in Web of Science®
15 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:September 2008
Deposited On:19 Feb 2009 14:11
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 17:22
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0008-543X
Additional Information:The attached file is a preprint (accepted version) of an article published in [Cancer, 2008; 113(6):1404-1411]
Publisher DOI:10.1002/cncr.23722
PubMed ID:18615619

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