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Clinical phase I intratumoral administration of two recombinant ALVAC canarypox viruses expressing human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor or interleukin-2: the transgene determines the composition of the inflammatory infiltrate


Hofbauer, G F L; Baur, T; Bonnet, M C; Tartour, E; Burg, G; Berinstein, N L; Dummer, R (2008). Clinical phase I intratumoral administration of two recombinant ALVAC canarypox viruses expressing human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor or interleukin-2: the transgene determines the composition of the inflammatory infiltrate. Melanoma Research, 18(2):104-111.

Abstract

Immunotherapy employs cytokines for modifying local inflammatory reactions. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has been shown to activate dendritic cells, macrophages, and granulocytes leading to clinical trials using GM-CSF-based cancer vaccine approaches. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an important T cell stimulatory cytokine approved as exogenous antitumor agent. The ALVAC viral vector system uses a recombinant canarypox virus for local gene expression. We report a phase I clinical trial using intratumoral administration of ALVAC GM-CSF or ALVAC IL-2 in skin metastases of melanoma or leiomyosarcoma. ALVAC GM-CSF and ALVAC IL-2 were injected at 107.12 and 106.92, 50% cell culture infectious dose in eight metastases with acceptable tolerability. Local and systemic inflammatory reactions were observed. The transgene determined the local infiltrate: GM-CSF induced monocyte and macrophage enrichment of the peritumoral inflammatory infiltrate, whereas IL-2 increased local T lymphocytes. Stable disease of injected lesions was seen after ALVAC GM-CSF application, whereas ALVAC IL-2 treatment led to partial regression in three out of eight injected tumors, accompanied by decreased expression of melanocytic antigens. Local GM-CSF expression could be induced. In summary, ALVAC GM-CSF and ALVAC IL-2 injections are safe and can mediate local biologic and immunologic effects.

Abstract

Immunotherapy employs cytokines for modifying local inflammatory reactions. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has been shown to activate dendritic cells, macrophages, and granulocytes leading to clinical trials using GM-CSF-based cancer vaccine approaches. Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is an important T cell stimulatory cytokine approved as exogenous antitumor agent. The ALVAC viral vector system uses a recombinant canarypox virus for local gene expression. We report a phase I clinical trial using intratumoral administration of ALVAC GM-CSF or ALVAC IL-2 in skin metastases of melanoma or leiomyosarcoma. ALVAC GM-CSF and ALVAC IL-2 were injected at 107.12 and 106.92, 50% cell culture infectious dose in eight metastases with acceptable tolerability. Local and systemic inflammatory reactions were observed. The transgene determined the local infiltrate: GM-CSF induced monocyte and macrophage enrichment of the peritumoral inflammatory infiltrate, whereas IL-2 increased local T lymphocytes. Stable disease of injected lesions was seen after ALVAC GM-CSF application, whereas ALVAC IL-2 treatment led to partial regression in three out of eight injected tumors, accompanied by decreased expression of melanocytic antigens. Local GM-CSF expression could be induced. In summary, ALVAC GM-CSF and ALVAC IL-2 injections are safe and can mediate local biologic and immunologic effects.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2008
Deposited On:18 Feb 2009 17:03
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:01
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0960-8931
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/CMR.0b013e3282f702cf
Official URL:http://pt.wkhealth.com/pt/re/lwwgateway/landingpage.htm;jsessionid=Jc2QqT1D6NGLlPmTC9BvK84p21LFsnlgwpfZlRDXNbL9lv1hZ7zM!1204955331!181195628!8091!-1?an=00008390-200804000-00004
PubMed ID:18337646

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