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Mouse hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha is encoded by two different mRNA isoforms: expression from a tissue-specific and a housekeeping-type promoter


Wenger, R H; Rolfs, A; Spielmann, P; Zimmermann, D R; Gassmann, M (1998). Mouse hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha is encoded by two different mRNA isoforms: expression from a tissue-specific and a housekeeping-type promoter. Blood, 91(9):3471-3480.

Abstract

Hypoxic induction of erythropoietin (Epo) and other oxygen-dependent genes is mediated by the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a heterodimeric transactivator consisting of an alpha and a beta subunit. We previously found that the mouse gene encoding HIF-1alpha harbors two alternative first exons (I.1 and I.2), giving rise to two different HIF-1alpha mRNA isoforms. Here, we show by RNase protection analysis that the exon I.1-derived mRNA isoform is differentially expressed in mouse tissues, being highest in kidney, tongue, stomach, and testis, but undetectable in liver, whereas the exon I.2 mRNA isoform is ubiquitously expressed. Sequence and methylation analysis showed that, in contrast to exon I.1, exon I.2 resides within a region showing typical features of a CpG island, known to be associated with the 5' end of housekeeping genes. We identified a 232-bp minimal exon I.2 promoter that strongly induced reporter gene expression in mouse L929 fibroblasts and Hepa1 hepatoma cells. In contrast to L929 cells, the exon I.1 promoter was inactive in Hepa1 cells and hypoxic exposure (1% O2) markedly reduced exon I.2 promoter activity in Hepa1 cells. Prolonged exposure of mice to hypoxia (7.5% O2 for up to 72 hours) also caused a decrease in liver HIF-1alpha mRNA, whereas aldolase mRNA levels increased. These findings might be related to the relatively low Epo levels in the adult liver.

Hypoxic induction of erythropoietin (Epo) and other oxygen-dependent genes is mediated by the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a heterodimeric transactivator consisting of an alpha and a beta subunit. We previously found that the mouse gene encoding HIF-1alpha harbors two alternative first exons (I.1 and I.2), giving rise to two different HIF-1alpha mRNA isoforms. Here, we show by RNase protection analysis that the exon I.1-derived mRNA isoform is differentially expressed in mouse tissues, being highest in kidney, tongue, stomach, and testis, but undetectable in liver, whereas the exon I.2 mRNA isoform is ubiquitously expressed. Sequence and methylation analysis showed that, in contrast to exon I.1, exon I.2 resides within a region showing typical features of a CpG island, known to be associated with the 5' end of housekeeping genes. We identified a 232-bp minimal exon I.2 promoter that strongly induced reporter gene expression in mouse L929 fibroblasts and Hepa1 hepatoma cells. In contrast to L929 cells, the exon I.1 promoter was inactive in Hepa1 cells and hypoxic exposure (1% O2) markedly reduced exon I.2 promoter activity in Hepa1 cells. Prolonged exposure of mice to hypoxia (7.5% O2 for up to 72 hours) also caused a decrease in liver HIF-1alpha mRNA, whereas aldolase mRNA levels increased. These findings might be related to the relatively low Epo levels in the adult liver.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 May 1998
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:11
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:12
Publisher:American Society of Hematology
ISSN:0006-4971
Additional Information:This research was originally published in Blood, 1998; 91(9):3471-80. Copyright by the American Society of Hematology
Related URLs:http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/cgi/content/abstract/91/9/3471
PubMed ID:9558407
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-14

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