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Accuracy of 64-slice CT angiography for the detection of functionally relevant coronary stenoses as assessed with myocardial perfusion SPECT


Gaemperli, O; Schepis, T; Koepfli, P; Valenta, I; Soyka, J; Leschka, S; Desbiolles, L; Husmann, L; Alkadhi, H; Kaufmann, P A (2007). Accuracy of 64-slice CT angiography for the detection of functionally relevant coronary stenoses as assessed with myocardial perfusion SPECT. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 34(8):1162-1171.

Abstract

PURPOSE: CT angiography (CTA) offers a valuable alternative for the diagnosis of CAD but its value in the detection of functionally relevant coronary stenoses remains uncertain. We prospectively compared the accuracy of 64-slice CTA with that of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin-SPECT as the gold standard for the detection of functionally relevant coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: MPI and 64-slice CT were performed in 100 consecutive patients. CTA lesions were analysed quantitatively and area stenoses > or =50% and > or =75% were compared with the MPI findings. RESULTS: In 23 patients, MPI perfusion defects were found (12 reversible, 13 fixed). A total of 399 coronary arteries and 1,386 segments was analysed. Eighty-four segments (6.1%) in 23 coronary arteries (5.8%) of nine patients (9.0%) were excluded owing to insufficient image quality. In the remaining 1,302 segments, quantitative CTA revealed stenoses > or =50% in 57 of 376 coronary arteries (15.2%) and stenoses > or =75% in 32 (8.5%) coronary arteries. Using a cut-off at > or =75% area stenosis, CTA yielded the following sensitivity, specificity, negative (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV), and accuracy for the detection of any (fixed and reversible) MPI defect: by patient, 75%, 90%, 93%, 68% and 87%, respectively; by artery, 76%, 95%, 99%, 50% and 94%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Sixty-four-slice CTA is a reliable tool to rule out functionally relevant CAD in a non-selected population with an intermediate pretest likelihood of disease. However, an abnormal CTA is a poor predictor of ischaemia.

Abstract

PURPOSE: CT angiography (CTA) offers a valuable alternative for the diagnosis of CAD but its value in the detection of functionally relevant coronary stenoses remains uncertain. We prospectively compared the accuracy of 64-slice CTA with that of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin-SPECT as the gold standard for the detection of functionally relevant coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: MPI and 64-slice CT were performed in 100 consecutive patients. CTA lesions were analysed quantitatively and area stenoses > or =50% and > or =75% were compared with the MPI findings. RESULTS: In 23 patients, MPI perfusion defects were found (12 reversible, 13 fixed). A total of 399 coronary arteries and 1,386 segments was analysed. Eighty-four segments (6.1%) in 23 coronary arteries (5.8%) of nine patients (9.0%) were excluded owing to insufficient image quality. In the remaining 1,302 segments, quantitative CTA revealed stenoses > or =50% in 57 of 376 coronary arteries (15.2%) and stenoses > or =75% in 32 (8.5%) coronary arteries. Using a cut-off at > or =75% area stenosis, CTA yielded the following sensitivity, specificity, negative (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV), and accuracy for the detection of any (fixed and reversible) MPI defect: by patient, 75%, 90%, 93%, 68% and 87%, respectively; by artery, 76%, 95%, 99%, 50% and 94%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Sixty-four-slice CTA is a reliable tool to rule out functionally relevant CAD in a non-selected population with an intermediate pretest likelihood of disease. However, an abnormal CTA is a poor predictor of ischaemia.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:August 2007
Deposited On:18 Mar 2009 10:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:02
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1619-7070
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00259-006-0307-z
PubMed ID:17219136

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