Traebert, M; Köhler, K; Lambert, G; Biber, J; Forster, I C; Murer, H (2001). Investigating the surface expression of the renal type IIa Na+/Pi-cotransporter in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Journal of Membrane Biology, 180(1):83-90.
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We have combined a functional assay, surface labeling and immunocytochemical methods to compare total and surface-exposed renal type IIa Na+/Pi cotransporter protein. The wild-type type cotransporter (NaPi-IIa) and its functionally comparable cysteine mutant S460C were expressed in Xenopus oocytes. S460C contains a novel cysteine residue that, when modified by preincubation with methanethiosulfonate reagents, leads to complete suppression of cotransport function. This allowed surface labeling of the S460C using MTSEA-Biotin and confirmation by electrophysiology on the same cell. Protein was analyzed by Western blotting before and after streptavidin precipitation and by immunocytochemistry and immunogold electronmicroscopy. MTSEA-Biotin treatment resulted in a complete inhibition of S460C-mediated Na+/Pi-cotransport activity, which indicated that all transporters at the surface were biotinylated. After biotinylation, only a small fraction of total S460C protein was precipitated by streptavidin compared with the total amount of S460C protein detected in the lysate. Light- and electron-microscopy analysis of oocytes showed a large amount of WT and S460C transporter protein beneath the oocyte membrane. These data indicate that the apparent weak labeling efficiencies of surface-biotinylation-based assays of membrane proteins heterologously expressed in oocytes can be related to diminished incorporation of the protein in the oolemma.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Date:||1 March 2001|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 12:23|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 16:50|
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