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Amino acids involved in sodium interaction of murine type II Na(+)-P(i) cotransporters expressed in Xenopus oocytes.


de la Horra, C; Hernando, N; Forster, I C; Biber, J; Murer, H (2001). Amino acids involved in sodium interaction of murine type II Na(+)-P(i) cotransporters expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Journal of Physiology, 531(2):383-391.

Abstract

Type IIa and IIb Na+-Pi cotransporters are highly conserved proteins expressed in brush border membranes of proximal tubules and small intestine, respectively. The kinetics of IIa and IIb differ significantly: type IIb is saturated at lower concentrations of Na+ and Pi. To define the domain responsible for the difference in Na+ affinity we constructed several mouse IIa-IIb chimeras as well as site-directed mutagenized cotransporters. Pi uptake activity was determined after injection of cRNAs into Xenopus laevis oocytes. From the chimera experiments we concluded that the domain containing part of the second intracellular loop, the fifth transmembrane domain (TD) and part of the third extracellular loop determines the specific Na+ activation properties for both types of cotransporter. Within this domain only a few residues located in the fifth TD are not conserved between type IIa and IIb. Site-directed mutagenesis on non-conserved residues was performed. Substitution of F402 of IIa by the corresponding L418 from IIb yielded a cotransporter that behaved like the IIb. On the other hand, substitution of the specific L418 of IIb by the corresponding F402 of IIa produced a cotransporter with a Na+ activation similar to IIa. (Single letter amino acid nomenclature is used throughout the paper.) These data suggest that the specific Na+ activation properties exhibited by type IIa and type IIb Na+-Pi cotransporters are at least in part due to the presence of a specific amino acid (F402 in IIa, and L418 in IIb) within the fifth TD of the protein.

Type IIa and IIb Na+-Pi cotransporters are highly conserved proteins expressed in brush border membranes of proximal tubules and small intestine, respectively. The kinetics of IIa and IIb differ significantly: type IIb is saturated at lower concentrations of Na+ and Pi. To define the domain responsible for the difference in Na+ affinity we constructed several mouse IIa-IIb chimeras as well as site-directed mutagenized cotransporters. Pi uptake activity was determined after injection of cRNAs into Xenopus laevis oocytes. From the chimera experiments we concluded that the domain containing part of the second intracellular loop, the fifth transmembrane domain (TD) and part of the third extracellular loop determines the specific Na+ activation properties for both types of cotransporter. Within this domain only a few residues located in the fifth TD are not conserved between type IIa and IIb. Site-directed mutagenesis on non-conserved residues was performed. Substitution of F402 of IIa by the corresponding L418 from IIb yielded a cotransporter that behaved like the IIb. On the other hand, substitution of the specific L418 of IIb by the corresponding F402 of IIa produced a cotransporter with a Na+ activation similar to IIa. (Single letter amino acid nomenclature is used throughout the paper.) These data suggest that the specific Na+ activation properties exhibited by type IIa and type IIb Na+-Pi cotransporters are at least in part due to the presence of a specific amino acid (F402 in IIa, and L418 in IIb) within the fifth TD of the protein.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 March 2001
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:18
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0022-3751
Publisher DOI:10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.0383i.x
Related URLs:http://jp.physoc.org/cgi/content/full/531/2/383
PubMed ID:11230511
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1415

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