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Dietary phosphate and parathyroid hormone alter the expression of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) and the Na+-dependent Pi transporter (NaPi-2) in the rat proximal tubule.


Riccardi, D; Traebert, M; Ward, D T; Kaissling, B; Biber, J; Hebert, S C; Murer, H (2000). Dietary phosphate and parathyroid hormone alter the expression of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) and the Na+-dependent Pi transporter (NaPi-2) in the rat proximal tubule. Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology (Pflugers Archiv), 441(2-3):379-387.

Abstract

Dietary phosphate (Pi) intake and parathyroid hormone (PTH) are essential regulators of proximal tubular (PT) Pi reabsorption; both factors are associated with adaptive changes in PT apical brush border membrane (BBM) Na/Pi-cotransport activity and specific transporter protein (NaPi-2) content. Urinary Pi excretion is also inversely correlated with luminal Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]) both in a PTH-dependent and -independent fashion. A cell-surface, Ca2+(/polyvalent cation)-sensing receptor (CaR) has been localized to the PT BBM with unknown function. To investigate whether PTH and/or dietary Pi intake could affect the distribution or the expression of the CaR, we evaluated their effects on rat kidney CaR and the NaPi-2 expression by Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence microscopy. A chronic high-Pi (1.2%) versus low-Pi (0.1%) diet and acute PTH (1-34) infusion significantly reduced the PT BBM expression of both NaPi-2 and CaR proteins. CaR-specific immunoreactivity in nephron segments other than the PT was not affected by PTH or Pi intake. These results suggest that reduced renal PT CaR expression by a high-Pi diet and by increased circulating PTH levels could contribute to the local control of PT handling of Ca2+ and Pi.

Dietary phosphate (Pi) intake and parathyroid hormone (PTH) are essential regulators of proximal tubular (PT) Pi reabsorption; both factors are associated with adaptive changes in PT apical brush border membrane (BBM) Na/Pi-cotransport activity and specific transporter protein (NaPi-2) content. Urinary Pi excretion is also inversely correlated with luminal Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]) both in a PTH-dependent and -independent fashion. A cell-surface, Ca2+(/polyvalent cation)-sensing receptor (CaR) has been localized to the PT BBM with unknown function. To investigate whether PTH and/or dietary Pi intake could affect the distribution or the expression of the CaR, we evaluated their effects on rat kidney CaR and the NaPi-2 expression by Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence microscopy. A chronic high-Pi (1.2%) versus low-Pi (0.1%) diet and acute PTH (1-34) infusion significantly reduced the PT BBM expression of both NaPi-2 and CaR proteins. CaR-specific immunoreactivity in nephron segments other than the PT was not affected by PTH or Pi intake. These results suggest that reduced renal PT CaR expression by a high-Pi diet and by increased circulating PTH levels could contribute to the local control of PT handling of Ca2+ and Pi.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1 December 2000
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:18
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0031-6768
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s004240000436
PubMed ID:11211126

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