UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Gamma interferon blocks gammaherpesvirus reactivation from latency in a cell type-specific manner


Steed, A; Buch, T; Waisman, A; Virgin, H W (2007). Gamma interferon blocks gammaherpesvirus reactivation from latency in a cell type-specific manner. Journal of Virology, 81(11):6134-6140.

Abstract

Gammaherpesviruses are important pathogens whose lifelong survival in the host depends critically on their capacity to establish and reactivate from latency, processes regulated by both viral genes and the host immune response. Previous work has demonstrated that gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) is a key regulator of chronic infection with murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (gammaHV68), a virus that establishes latent infection in B lymphocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. In mice deficient in IFN-gamma or the IFN-gamma receptor, gammaHV68 gene expression is altered during chronic infection, and peritoneal cells explanted from these mice reactivate more efficiently ex vivo than cells derived from wild-type mice. Furthermore, treatment with IFN-gamma inhibits reactivation of gammaHV68 from latently infected wild-type peritoneal cells, and depletion of IFN-gamma from wild-type mice increases the efficiency of reactivation of explanted peritoneal cells. These profound effects of IFN-gamma on chronic gammaHV68 latency and reactivation raise the question of which cells respond to IFN-gamma to control chronic gammaHV68 infection. Here, we show that IFN-gamma inhibited reactivation of peritoneal cells and spleen cells harvested from mice lacking B lymphocytes, but not wild-type spleen cells, suggesting that IFN-gamma may inhibit reactivation in a cell type-specific manner. To directly test this hypothesis, we expressed the diphtheria toxin receptor specifically on either B lymphocytes or macrophages and used diphtheria toxin treatment to deplete these specific cells in vivo and in vitro after establishing latency. We demonstrate that macrophages, but not B cells, are responsive to IFN-gamma-mediated suppression of gammaHV68 reactivation. These data indicate that the regulation of gammaherpesvirus latency by IFN-gamma is cell type specific and raise the possibility that cell type-specific immune deficiency may alter latency in distinct and important ways.

Gammaherpesviruses are important pathogens whose lifelong survival in the host depends critically on their capacity to establish and reactivate from latency, processes regulated by both viral genes and the host immune response. Previous work has demonstrated that gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) is a key regulator of chronic infection with murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (gammaHV68), a virus that establishes latent infection in B lymphocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. In mice deficient in IFN-gamma or the IFN-gamma receptor, gammaHV68 gene expression is altered during chronic infection, and peritoneal cells explanted from these mice reactivate more efficiently ex vivo than cells derived from wild-type mice. Furthermore, treatment with IFN-gamma inhibits reactivation of gammaHV68 from latently infected wild-type peritoneal cells, and depletion of IFN-gamma from wild-type mice increases the efficiency of reactivation of explanted peritoneal cells. These profound effects of IFN-gamma on chronic gammaHV68 latency and reactivation raise the question of which cells respond to IFN-gamma to control chronic gammaHV68 infection. Here, we show that IFN-gamma inhibited reactivation of peritoneal cells and spleen cells harvested from mice lacking B lymphocytes, but not wild-type spleen cells, suggesting that IFN-gamma may inhibit reactivation in a cell type-specific manner. To directly test this hypothesis, we expressed the diphtheria toxin receptor specifically on either B lymphocytes or macrophages and used diphtheria toxin treatment to deplete these specific cells in vivo and in vitro after establishing latency. We demonstrate that macrophages, but not B cells, are responsive to IFN-gamma-mediated suppression of gammaHV68 reactivation. These data indicate that the regulation of gammaherpesvirus latency by IFN-gamma is cell type specific and raise the possibility that cell type-specific immune deficiency may alter latency in distinct and important ways.

Citations

28 citations in Web of Science®
29 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

85 downloads since deposited on 18 Mar 2009
14 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Experimental Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:18 Mar 2009 14:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:02
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0022-538X
Additional Information:Copyright: American Society for Microbiology
Publisher DOI:10.1128/JVI.00108-07
PubMed ID:17360749
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-14191

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations