UZH-Logo

Systemic nitric oxide synthase inhibition improves coronary flow reserve to adenosine in patients with significant stenoses


Kaufmann, P A; Rimoldi, O E; Gnecchi-Ruscone, T; Luscher, T F; Camici, P G (2007). Systemic nitric oxide synthase inhibition improves coronary flow reserve to adenosine in patients with significant stenoses. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 293(4):H2178-H2182.

Abstract

We studied the impact of systemic infusion of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) on coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We have previously demonstrated that CFR to adenosine was significantly increased after systemic infusion of L-NMMA in normal volunteers but not in recently transplanted denervated hearts. At baseline, myocardial blood flow (MBF; ml x min(-1) x g(-1)) was measured at rest and during intravenous administration of adenosine (140 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) in 10 controls (47 +/- 5 yr) and 10 CAD patients (58 +/- 8 yr; P < 0.01 vs. controls) using positron emission tomography and (15)O-labeled water. Both MBF measurements were repeated during intravenous infusion of 10 mg/kg L-NMMA. CFR was calculated as the ratio of MBF during adenosine to MBF at rest. CFR was significantly higher in healthy volunteers than in CAD patients and increased significantly after L-NMMA in controls (4.00 +/- 1.10 to 6.15 +/- 1.35; P < 0.0001) and in patients, both in territories subtended by stenotic coronary arteries (>70% luminal diameter; 2.06 +/- 1.13 to 3.21 +/- 1.07; P < 0.01) and in remote segments (3.20 +/- 1.23 to 3.92 +/- 1.62; P < 0.05). In conclusion, CFR can be significantly increased in CAD by a systemic infusion of L-NMMA. Similarly to our previous findings in normal volunteers, this suggests that adenosine-induced hyperemia in CAD patients is constrained by a mechanism that can be relieved by systemic NOS inhibition with L-NMMA.

We studied the impact of systemic infusion of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) on coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We have previously demonstrated that CFR to adenosine was significantly increased after systemic infusion of L-NMMA in normal volunteers but not in recently transplanted denervated hearts. At baseline, myocardial blood flow (MBF; ml x min(-1) x g(-1)) was measured at rest and during intravenous administration of adenosine (140 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) in 10 controls (47 +/- 5 yr) and 10 CAD patients (58 +/- 8 yr; P < 0.01 vs. controls) using positron emission tomography and (15)O-labeled water. Both MBF measurements were repeated during intravenous infusion of 10 mg/kg L-NMMA. CFR was calculated as the ratio of MBF during adenosine to MBF at rest. CFR was significantly higher in healthy volunteers than in CAD patients and increased significantly after L-NMMA in controls (4.00 +/- 1.10 to 6.15 +/- 1.35; P < 0.0001) and in patients, both in territories subtended by stenotic coronary arteries (>70% luminal diameter; 2.06 +/- 1.13 to 3.21 +/- 1.07; P < 0.01) and in remote segments (3.20 +/- 1.23 to 3.92 +/- 1.62; P < 0.05). In conclusion, CFR can be significantly increased in CAD by a systemic infusion of L-NMMA. Similarly to our previous findings in normal volunteers, this suggests that adenosine-induced hyperemia in CAD patients is constrained by a mechanism that can be relieved by systemic NOS inhibition with L-NMMA.

Citations

6 citations in Web of Science®
7 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

76 downloads since deposited on 20 Mar 2009
26 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:October 2007
Deposited On:20 Mar 2009 09:37
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:02
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0363-6135
Publisher DOI:10.1152/ajpheart.01292.2006
PubMed ID:17660388
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-14192

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations