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Capuano, P; Bacic, D; Stange, G; Hernando, N; Kaissling, B; Pal, R; Kocher, O; Biber, J; Wagner, C A; Murer, H (2005). Expression and regulation of the renal Na/phosphate cotransporter NaPi-IIa in a mouse model deficient for the PDZ protein PDZK1. Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology (Pflugers Archiv), 449(4):392-402.

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Inorganic phosphate (P(i)) is reabsorbed in the renal proximal tubule mainly via the type-IIa sodium-phosphate cotransporter (NaPi-IIa). This protein is regulated tightly by different factors, among them dietary P(i) intake and parathyroid hormone (PTH). A number of PDZ-domain-containing proteins have been shown to interact with NaPi-IIa in vitro, such as Na(+)/H(+) exchanger-3 regulatory factor-1 (NHERF1) and PDZK1. PDZK1 is highly abundant in kidney and co-localizes with NaPi-IIa in the brush border membrane of proximal tubules. Recently, a knock-out mouse model for PDZK1 (Pdzk1(-/-)) has been generated, allowing the role of PDZK1 in the expression and regulation of the NaPi-IIa cotransporter to be examined in in vivo and in ex vivo preparations. The localization of NaPi-IIa and other proteins interacting with PDZK1 in vitro [Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE3), chloride-formate exchanger (CFEX)/putative anion transporter-1 (PAT1), NHERF1] was not altered in Pdzk1(-/-) mice. The abundance of NaPi-IIa adapted to acute and chronic changes in dietary P(i) intake, but steady-state levels of NaPi-IIa were reduced in Pdzk1(-/-) under a P(i) rich diet. This was paralleled by a higher urinary fractional P(i) excretion. The abundance of the anion exchanger CFEX/PAT1 (SLC26A6) was also reduced. In contrast, NHERF1 abundance increased in the brush border membrane of Pdzk1(-/-) mice fed a high-P(i) diet. Acute regulation of NaPi-IIa by PTH in vivo and by PTH and activators of protein kinases A, C and G (PKA, PKC and PKG) in vitro (kidney slice preparation) was not altered in Pdzk1(-/-) mice. In conclusion, loss of PDZK1 did not result in major changes in proximal tubule function or NaPi-IIa regulation. However, under a P(i)-rich diet, loss of PDZK1 reduced NaPi-IIa abundance indicating that PDZK1 may play a role in the trafficking or stability of NaPi-IIa under these conditions.


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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Date:1 January 2005
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:18
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s00424-004-1351-9
PubMed ID:15517343

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