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Resistance to FasL and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-mediated apoptosis in Sezary syndrome T-cells associated with impaired death receptor and FLICE-inhibitory protein expression


Contassot, E; Kerl, K; Roques, S; Shane, R; Gaide, O; Dupuis, M; Rook, A H; French, L E (2008). Resistance to FasL and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-mediated apoptosis in Sezary syndrome T-cells associated with impaired death receptor and FLICE-inhibitory protein expression. Blood, 111(9):4780-4787.

Abstract

Because of the low proliferative potential of tumor cells in patients with Sézary syndrome (SzS), their accumulation has been suggested to be due to defective regulation of apoptosis. We analyzed the sensitivity to soluble Fas-ligand (FasL) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), 2 members of the TNF superfamily in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) from patients with SzS. Compared with healthy donors, CD4(+) cells from patients with SzS were completely resistant to FasL in 9 of 16 cases. Of these 9 FasL-resistant cases, 4 revealed a loss in Fas (CD95) expression, whereas the remaining 5 exhibited normal or enhanced Fas expression. In the latter 5 cases, the apoptosis inhibitor cFLIP was overexpressed in CD4(+)/CD26(-) tumor cells compared with CD4(+)/CD26(-) cells from Fas-expressing FasL-sensitive patients and healthy donors. Furthermore, resistance to TRAIL and tumor cell-restricted loss of TRAIL-receptor 2 were observed in 16 of 16 SzS PBLs. It is noteworthy that resistance to FasL could be overcome by the use of a hexameric FasL or upon exposure of SzS cells to interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) or IFN-gamma, the latter by an increase of Fas expression. Our data on primary SzS lymphocytes reveal frequent resistance to apoptosis induced by FasL and TRAIL, which may contribute to their accumulation in patients with SzS and be relevant at a therapeutic level.

Because of the low proliferative potential of tumor cells in patients with Sézary syndrome (SzS), their accumulation has been suggested to be due to defective regulation of apoptosis. We analyzed the sensitivity to soluble Fas-ligand (FasL) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), 2 members of the TNF superfamily in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) from patients with SzS. Compared with healthy donors, CD4(+) cells from patients with SzS were completely resistant to FasL in 9 of 16 cases. Of these 9 FasL-resistant cases, 4 revealed a loss in Fas (CD95) expression, whereas the remaining 5 exhibited normal or enhanced Fas expression. In the latter 5 cases, the apoptosis inhibitor cFLIP was overexpressed in CD4(+)/CD26(-) tumor cells compared with CD4(+)/CD26(-) cells from Fas-expressing FasL-sensitive patients and healthy donors. Furthermore, resistance to TRAIL and tumor cell-restricted loss of TRAIL-receptor 2 were observed in 16 of 16 SzS PBLs. It is noteworthy that resistance to FasL could be overcome by the use of a hexameric FasL or upon exposure of SzS cells to interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) or IFN-gamma, the latter by an increase of Fas expression. Our data on primary SzS lymphocytes reveal frequent resistance to apoptosis induced by FasL and TRAIL, which may contribute to their accumulation in patients with SzS and be relevant at a therapeutic level.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2008
Deposited On:19 Feb 2009 08:05
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:02
Publisher:American Society of Hematology
ISSN:0006-4971
Additional Information:This research was originally published in Blood, 2008; 111(9):4780-4787. Copyright by the American Society of Hematology.
Publisher DOI:10.1182/blood-2007-08-109074
Official URL:http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/cgi/reprint/111/9/4780
PubMed ID:18314443
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-14241

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