Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1425
Katschinski, D M; Le, L; Heinrich, D; Wagner, K F; Hofer, T; Schindler, S G; Wenger, R H (2002). Heat induction of the unphosphorylated form of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha is dependent on heat shock protein-90 activity. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 277(11):9262-9267.
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha is the oxygen-sensitive subunit of HIF-1, a transcriptional master regulator of oxygen homeostasis. Oxygen-dependent prolyl hydroxylation targets HIF-1alpha for ubiquitinylation and proteasomal degradation. Unexpectedly, we found that exposing mice to elevated temperatures resulted in a strong HIF-1alpha induction in kidney, liver, and spleen. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms responsible for this effect, HepG2 hepatoma cells were exposed to different temperatures (34-42 degrees C) under normoxic (20% O(2)) or hypoxic (3% O(2)) conditions. Heat was sufficient to stabilize mainly a phosphatase-resistant, low molecular weight form of HIF-1alpha (termed HIF-1alpha(a)). Heat-induced HIF-1alpha(a) accumulated in the nucleus but neither bound to DNA nor trans-activated reporter or target gene expression, demonstrating the need for post-translational modifications for these functions. The protein banding pattern of heat-induced HIF-1alpha in immunoblot analyses was clearly distinct from the HIF-1alpha pattern after prolyl hydroxylase inhibition (by hypoxia or iron chelation/replacement) or following proteasome inhibition, suggesting that heat stabilizes HIF-1alpha by a novel mechanism. Inhibition of the ATP-dependent chaperone activity of HSP90 by novobiocin or geldanamycin prevented heat-induced as well as hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha accumulation, indicating a common role of the HSP90 chaperone activity in HIF-1alpha stabilization by these two environmental parameters.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology|
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 13:23|
|Last Modified:||23 Nov 2012 13:28|
|Publisher:||American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
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