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Distal renal tubular acidosis in mice lacking the AE1 (band3) Cl-/HCO3- exchanger (slc4a1)


Stehberger, P A; Shmukler, B E; Stuart-Tilley, A K; Peters, L L; Alper, S L; Wagner, C A (2007). Distal renal tubular acidosis in mice lacking the AE1 (band3) Cl-/HCO3- exchanger (slc4a1). Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), 18(5):1408-1418.

Abstract

Mutations in the human gene that encodes the AE1 Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger (SLC4A1) cause autosomal recessive and dominant forms of distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA). A mouse model that lacks AE1/slc4a1 (slc4a1-/-) exhibited dRTA characterized by spontaneous hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis with low net acid excretion and, inappropriately, alkaline urine without bicarbonaturia. Basolateral Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange activity in acid-secretory intercalated cells of isolated superfused slc4a1-/- medullary collecting duct was reduced, but alternate bicarbonate transport pathways were upregulated. Homozygous mice had nephrocalcinosis associated with hypercalciuria, hyperphosphaturia, and hypocitraturia. A severe urinary concentration defect in slc4a1-/- mice was accompanied by dysregulated expression and localization of the aquaporin-2 water channel. Mice that were heterozygous for the AE1-deficient allele had no apparent defect. Thus, the slc4a1-/- mouse is the first genetic model of complete dRTA and demonstrates that the AE1/slc4a1 Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger is required for maintenance of normal acid-base homeostasis by distal renal regeneration of bicarbonate in the mouse as well as in humans.

Mutations in the human gene that encodes the AE1 Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger (SLC4A1) cause autosomal recessive and dominant forms of distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA). A mouse model that lacks AE1/slc4a1 (slc4a1-/-) exhibited dRTA characterized by spontaneous hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis with low net acid excretion and, inappropriately, alkaline urine without bicarbonaturia. Basolateral Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange activity in acid-secretory intercalated cells of isolated superfused slc4a1-/- medullary collecting duct was reduced, but alternate bicarbonate transport pathways were upregulated. Homozygous mice had nephrocalcinosis associated with hypercalciuria, hyperphosphaturia, and hypocitraturia. A severe urinary concentration defect in slc4a1-/- mice was accompanied by dysregulated expression and localization of the aquaporin-2 water channel. Mice that were heterozygous for the AE1-deficient allele had no apparent defect. Thus, the slc4a1-/- mouse is the first genetic model of complete dRTA and demonstrates that the AE1/slc4a1 Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger is required for maintenance of normal acid-base homeostasis by distal renal regeneration of bicarbonate in the mouse as well as in humans.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2007
Deposited On:20 Mar 2009 16:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:03
Publisher:American Society of Nephrology
ISSN:1046-6673
Publisher DOI:10.1681/ASN.2006101072
PubMed ID:17409310
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-14321

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