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Contribution of diffusion tensor MR imaging in detecting cerebral microstructural changes in adults with neurofibromatosis type 1


Zamboni, S L; Loenneker, T; Boltshauser, E; Martin, E; Il'yasov, K A (2007). Contribution of diffusion tensor MR imaging in detecting cerebral microstructural changes in adults with neurofibromatosis type 1. AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 28(4):773-776.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After an early progression of signal intensity changes in T2-weighted MR images, also known as "neurofibromatosis bright objects," in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1), there is a tendency toward regression or even disappearance in early adulthood. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adult patients with NF-1 exhibit generalized microstructural alterations even in normal-appearing brain regions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Conventional and diffusion tensor MR imaging of the brain was obtained in 10 adult patients with NF-1 and 10 age-matched healthy volunteers. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) were measured in brain stem, basal ganglia, thalamus, corpus callosum, and frontal and parietooccipital white matter regions. RESULTS: Significantly increased ADC and decreased FA values were found in all regions of interest and in all patients with NF-1, irrespective of their scholastic achievement and subsequent professional performance, compared with control subjects (P < .001). There were no significant correlations with the age (P > .1) or with the lateralization between brain hemispheres (P > .05). CONCLUSION: Diffusion tensor imaging reveals globally elevated FA and decreased ADC values in the mature brains of patients with NF-1, which is most likely a consequence of diffuse and basic alterations in cerebral microstructure that result from the underlying gene mutation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After an early progression of signal intensity changes in T2-weighted MR images, also known as "neurofibromatosis bright objects," in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1), there is a tendency toward regression or even disappearance in early adulthood. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adult patients with NF-1 exhibit generalized microstructural alterations even in normal-appearing brain regions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Conventional and diffusion tensor MR imaging of the brain was obtained in 10 adult patients with NF-1 and 10 age-matched healthy volunteers. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) were measured in brain stem, basal ganglia, thalamus, corpus callosum, and frontal and parietooccipital white matter regions. RESULTS: Significantly increased ADC and decreased FA values were found in all regions of interest and in all patients with NF-1, irrespective of their scholastic achievement and subsequent professional performance, compared with control subjects (P < .001). There were no significant correlations with the age (P > .1) or with the lateralization between brain hemispheres (P > .05). CONCLUSION: Diffusion tensor imaging reveals globally elevated FA and decreased ADC values in the mature brains of patients with NF-1, which is most likely a consequence of diffuse and basic alterations in cerebral microstructure that result from the underlying gene mutation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2007
Deposited On:22 Mar 2009 10:08
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:03
Publisher:American Society of Neuroradiology
ISSN:0195-6108
Official URL:http://www.ajnr.org/cgi/content/full/28/4/773
PubMed ID:17416837

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