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Mammalian oxygen sensing, signalling and gene regulation


Wenger, R H (2000). Mammalian oxygen sensing, signalling and gene regulation. Journal of Experimental Biology, 203(Pt. 8):1253-1263.

Abstract

Oxygen is essential to the life of all aerobic organisms. Virtually every cell type is able to sense a limited oxygen supply (hypoxia) and specifically to induce a set of oxygen-regulated genes. This review summarizes current concepts of mammalian oxygen-sensing and signal-transduction pathways. Since the discovery of the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), a great deal of progress has been made in our comprehension of how hypoxia induces the expression of oxygen-regulated genes. The alpha subunit of the heterodimeric transcription factors HIF-1, 2 and 3 is unstable under normoxia but is rapidly stabilized upon exposure to hypoxic conditions. Following heterodimerization with the constitutively expressed beta subunit, HIFs activate the transcription of an increasing number of genes involved in maintaining oxygen homeostasis at the cellular, local and systemic levels.

Oxygen is essential to the life of all aerobic organisms. Virtually every cell type is able to sense a limited oxygen supply (hypoxia) and specifically to induce a set of oxygen-regulated genes. This review summarizes current concepts of mammalian oxygen-sensing and signal-transduction pathways. Since the discovery of the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), a great deal of progress has been made in our comprehension of how hypoxia induces the expression of oxygen-regulated genes. The alpha subunit of the heterodimeric transcription factors HIF-1, 2 and 3 is unstable under normoxia but is rapidly stabilized upon exposure to hypoxic conditions. Following heterodimerization with the constitutively expressed beta subunit, HIFs activate the transcription of an increasing number of genes involved in maintaining oxygen homeostasis at the cellular, local and systemic levels.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2000
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:18
Publisher:Company of Biologists
ISSN:0022-0949
Additional Information:Free full text article
Related URLs:http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/content/abstract/203/8/1253
PubMed ID:10729275
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1436

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