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Enhanced erythro-phagocytosis in polycythemic mice overexpressing erythropoietin


Bogdanova, A; Mihov, D; Lutz, H; Saam, B; Gassmann, M; Vogel, J (2007). Enhanced erythro-phagocytosis in polycythemic mice overexpressing erythropoietin. Blood, 110(2):762-769.

Abstract

Adaptive mechanisms to hematocrit levels of 0.9 in our erythropoietin-overexpressing mice (tg6) include increased plasma nitric oxide levels and erythrocyte flexibility. Doubled reticulocyte counts in tg6 suggest an increased erythrocyte turnover. Here we show that compared with wild-type (wt) animals, erythrocyte lifespan in tg6 is 70% lower in tg6 mice. Transgenic mice have a younger erythrocyte population as indicated by higher intercellular water and potassium content, higher flexibility, decreased density, increased surface to volume ratio, and decreased osmotic fragility. Interestingly, despite being younger, the tg6 erythrocyte population also harbors characteristics of accelerated aging such as an increased band 4.1a to 4.1b ratio, signs of oxidative stress, or decreased surface CD47 and sialic acids. In tg6, in vivo tracking of PKH26-labeled erythrocytes revealed dramatically increased erythrocyte incorporation by their liver macrophages. In vitro experiments showed that tg6 macrophages are more active than wt macrophages and that tg6 erythrocytes are more attractive for macrophages than wt ones. In conclusion, in tg6 mice erythrocyte aging is accelerated, which results, together with an increased number and activity of their macrophages, in enhanced erythrocyte clearance. Our data points toward a new mechanism down-regulating red cell mass in excessive erythrocytosis in mice.

Adaptive mechanisms to hematocrit levels of 0.9 in our erythropoietin-overexpressing mice (tg6) include increased plasma nitric oxide levels and erythrocyte flexibility. Doubled reticulocyte counts in tg6 suggest an increased erythrocyte turnover. Here we show that compared with wild-type (wt) animals, erythrocyte lifespan in tg6 is 70% lower in tg6 mice. Transgenic mice have a younger erythrocyte population as indicated by higher intercellular water and potassium content, higher flexibility, decreased density, increased surface to volume ratio, and decreased osmotic fragility. Interestingly, despite being younger, the tg6 erythrocyte population also harbors characteristics of accelerated aging such as an increased band 4.1a to 4.1b ratio, signs of oxidative stress, or decreased surface CD47 and sialic acids. In tg6, in vivo tracking of PKH26-labeled erythrocytes revealed dramatically increased erythrocyte incorporation by their liver macrophages. In vitro experiments showed that tg6 macrophages are more active than wt macrophages and that tg6 erythrocytes are more attractive for macrophages than wt ones. In conclusion, in tg6 mice erythrocyte aging is accelerated, which results, together with an increased number and activity of their macrophages, in enhanced erythrocyte clearance. Our data points toward a new mechanism down-regulating red cell mass in excessive erythrocytosis in mice.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2007
Deposited On:20 Mar 2009 13:13
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:03
Publisher:American Society of Hematology
ISSN:0006-4971
Additional Information:This research was originally published in Blood, 2009; 110(2):762-9. Copyright by the American Society of Hematology
Publisher DOI:10.1182/blood-2006-12-063602
Official URL:http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/cgi/reprint/110/2/762
PubMed ID:17395782
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-14370

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