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Wenger, R H; Marti, H H; Bauer, C; Gassmann, M (1998). Optimal erythropoietin expression in human hepatoma cell lines requires activation of multiple signalling pathways. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 2(3):317-324.

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Abstract

Hypoxia is thought to be a common precursor of coronary artery disease and malignant tumors, both diseases representing the leading causes of death in industrial nations. So far, investigations of oxygen-regulated erythropoietin (EPO) gene expression in the human hepatoma cell lines Hep3B and HepG2 allowed many important insights into the mechanisms of oxygen-sensing, signalling and regulation of an increasing number of oxygen-responsive genes. To differentiate the various signalling pathways involved in EPO production by these two cell lines, we examined several factors that positively influenced EPO expression. The results demonstrate a keen differential effect of cell density and oxygen concentration on EPO induction in Hep3B compared to HepG2 cells. Using optimized cell culture conditions, EPO production rates as high as 1 U EPO per 106 Hep3B cells in 24 h could be achieved. We also found a moderate but reproducible positive effect of CoCl2 on hypoxia-induced EPO expression in Hep3B but a negative CoCl2 effect on hypoxic induction in HepG2 cells. CoCl2 inhibited cell growth in a concentration-dependent manner. Interleukin-6 was synergistic with hypoxia on EPO induction in Hep3B as well as HepG2 cells, and dexamethasone enhanced this effect in Hep3B but not in HepG2 cells. The moderate CoCl2-dependent increase of EPO production observed in hypoxic Hep3B cells migh indicate that CoCl2 and hypoxia do not necessarily act via identical signalling pathways.

Citations

19 citations in Web of Science®
17 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1998
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:23
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 20:52
Publisher:D.A. Spandidos
ISSN:1107-3756
PubMed ID:9855704

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