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Oxygen-regulated erythropoietin gene expression is dependent on a CpG methylation-free hypoxia-inducible factor-1 DNA-binding site.


Wenger, R H; Kvietikova, I; Rolfs, A; Camenisch, G; Gassmann, M (1998). Oxygen-regulated erythropoietin gene expression is dependent on a CpG methylation-free hypoxia-inducible factor-1 DNA-binding site. FEBS Journal, 253(3):771-777.

Abstract

The hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a transcriptional activator involved in the expression of oxygen-regulated genes such as that for erythropoietin. Following exposure to low oxygen partial pressure (hypoxia), HIF-1 binds to an hypoxia-response element located 3' to the erythropoietin gene and confers activation of erythropoietin expression. The conserved core HIF-1 binding site (HBS) of the erythropoietin 3' enhancer (CGTG) contains a CpG dinucleotide known to be a potential target of cytosine methylation. We found that methylation of the HBS abolishes HIF-1 DNA binding as well as hypoxic reporter gene activation, suggesting that a methylation-free HBS is mandatory for HIF-1 function. The in vivo methylation pattern of the erythropoietin 3' HBS in various human cell lines and mouse organs was assessed by genomic Southern blotting using a methylation-sensitive restriction enzyme. Whereas this site was essentially methylation-free in the erythropoietin-producing cell line Hep3B, a direct correlation between erythropoietin protein expression and the degree of erythropoietin 3' HBS methylation was found in different HepG2 sublines. However, the finding that this site is partially methylation-free in human cell lines and mouse tissues that do not express erythropoietin suggests that there might be a general selective pressure to keep this site methylation-free, independent of erythropoietin expression.

The hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a transcriptional activator involved in the expression of oxygen-regulated genes such as that for erythropoietin. Following exposure to low oxygen partial pressure (hypoxia), HIF-1 binds to an hypoxia-response element located 3' to the erythropoietin gene and confers activation of erythropoietin expression. The conserved core HIF-1 binding site (HBS) of the erythropoietin 3' enhancer (CGTG) contains a CpG dinucleotide known to be a potential target of cytosine methylation. We found that methylation of the HBS abolishes HIF-1 DNA binding as well as hypoxic reporter gene activation, suggesting that a methylation-free HBS is mandatory for HIF-1 function. The in vivo methylation pattern of the erythropoietin 3' HBS in various human cell lines and mouse organs was assessed by genomic Southern blotting using a methylation-sensitive restriction enzyme. Whereas this site was essentially methylation-free in the erythropoietin-producing cell line Hep3B, a direct correlation between erythropoietin protein expression and the degree of erythropoietin 3' HBS methylation was found in different HepG2 sublines. However, the finding that this site is partially methylation-free in human cell lines and mouse tissues that do not express erythropoietin suggests that there might be a general selective pressure to keep this site methylation-free, independent of erythropoietin expression.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:1998
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:18
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0014-2956
Publisher DOI:10.1046/j.1432-1327.1998.2530771.x
PubMed ID:9654078

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