Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-1444
Rolfs, A; Kvietikova, I; Gassmann, M; Wenger, R H (1997). Oxygen-regulated transferrin expression is mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor-1. Journal of Biological Chemistry:.-..
View at publisher
Transferrin (Tf) is a liver-derived iron transport protein whose plasma concentration increases following exposure to hypoxia. Here, we present a cell culture model capable of expressing Tf mRNA in an oxygen-dependent manner. A 4-kilobase pair Tf promoter/enhancer fragment as well as the 300-base pair liver-specific Tf enhancer alone conveyed hypoxia responsiveness to a heterologous reporter gene construct in hepatoma but not HeLa cells. Within this enhancer, a 32-base pair hypoxia-responsive element was identified, which contained two hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) binding sites (HBSs). Mutation analysis showed that both HBSs function as oxygen-regulated enhancers in Tf-expressing as well as in non-Tf-expressing cell lines. Mutation of both HBSs was necessary to completely abolish hypoxic reporter gene activation. Transient co-expression of the two HIF-1 subunits HIF-1alpha and aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT)/HIF-1beta resulted in enhanced reporter gene expression even under normoxic conditions. Overexpression of a dominant-negative ARNT/HIF-1beta mutant reduced hypoxic activation. DNA binding studies using nuclear extracts from the mouse hepatoma cell line Hepa1 and the ARNT/HIF-1beta-deficient subline Hepa1C4, as well as antibodies raised against HIF-1alpha and ARNT/HIF-1beta confirmed that HIF-1 binds the Tf HBSs. Mutation analysis and competition experiments suggested that the 5' HBS was more efficient in binding HIF-1 than the 3' HBS. Finally, hypoxic induction of endogenous Tf mRNA was abrogated in Hepa1C4 cells, confirming that HIF-1 confers oxygen regulation of Tf gene expression by binding to the two HBSs present in the Tf enhancer.
66 downloads since deposited on 11 Feb 2008
20 downloads since 12 months
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Deposited On:||11 Feb 2008 12:23|
|Last Modified:||01 Dec 2012 10:25|
|Publisher:||American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Free access at:||Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.|
Users (please log in): suggest update or correction for this item
Repository Staff Only: item control page