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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-14473

von Lukowicz, T; Silacci, M; Wyss, M T; Trachsel, E; Lohmann, C; Buck, A; Lüscher, T F; Neri, D; Matter, C M (2007). Human antibody against C domain of tenascin-C visualizes murine atherosclerotic plaques ex vivo. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 48(4):582-587.

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Abstract

Targeting proteins that are overexpressed in atherosclerotic plaques may open novel diagnostic applications. The C domain of tenascin-C is absent from normal adult tissues but can be inserted during tumor progression or tissue repair into the molecule by alternative splicing. We tested the ability of the human antibody G11, specific to this antigen, to reveal murine atherosclerotic plaques ex vivo. The antibody directed against the extra domain B of fibronectin (L19) was used as a reference. METHODS: We intravenously injected (125)I-labeled G11 or L19 antibodies into apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice and harvested the aortae 4 or 24 h later. En face analyses of distal aortae and longitudinal sections of the aortic arch were performed to compare antibody uptake using autoradiography with plaque staining using oil red O. Plaque macrophages were detected by immunohistochemistry (anti-CD68 staining). Biodistribution of injected antibodies was investigated in aortae and blood at 4 and 24 h. RESULTS: En face analyses revealed a significant correlation between radiolabeled G11 and fat-stained areas, increasing from 4 to 24 h, with a correlation coefficient of 0.92 (P < 0.0001) and an average signal-to-noise ratio of 104:1 at 24 h. Plaque imaging using L19 showed similar results (r = 0.86; P < 0.0001; signal-to-noise ratio, 72:1 at 24 h). Uptake of radiolabeled antibodies in histologic sections colocalized with fat staining and activated macrophages in aortic plaques. Biodistribution analyses confirmed specific accumulation in aortic plaques as well as rapid blood pool clearance of the antibodies 24 h after injection. Immunofluorescence analyses revealed increased expression of tenascin and fibronectin isoforms in macrophage-rich plaques. CONCLUSION: The antibody G11, specific to the C domain of tenascin-C, visualizes murine atherosclerotic plaques ex vivo. In conjunction with the increased expression of the C domain of tenascin-C in macrophage-rich plaques, the colocalization of G11 uptake with activated macrophages, and the favorable target-to-blood ratio at 24 h, this antibody may be useful for molecular imaging of advanced atherosclerotic plaques in the intact organism.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:18 Mar 2009 14:48
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 19:54
Publisher:Society of Nuclear Medicine
ISSN:0161-5505
Publisher DOI:10.2967/jnumed.106.036046
PubMed ID:17401095
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 17
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Scopus®. Citation Count: 19

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